Using Retinol When Pregnant, Is It OK or Not?

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Using Retinol When Pregnant, Is It OK or Not?
Using Retinol When Pregnant, Is It OK or Not?

Retinol is one of the ingredients in skincare that is considered a "god" because it has many benefits for skin beauty. But, is it okay if pregnant women use products with this content? To know the answer, read this article to the end, let's

Retinol belongs to the retinoid group which is a derivative of vitamin A. The main benefit of this substance is to stimulate the exfoliation of dead skin cells and encourage the growth of new skin cells, so the skin will look youthful, bright, and smooth.

Using Retinol During Pregnancy, Is It Possible or Not? - Alodokter

In addition, retinol is also useful in increasing skin elasticity, evens out skin tone, helps shrink pores, helps collagen formation, and reduces excess oil production.

Safety Using Retinol During Pregnancy

Although it is beneficial for skin he alth, retinol is included in the list of skincare that pregnant women need to avoid, you know. The reason is, this active ingredient can be absorbed into the bloodstream and cross the placenta, so there is a risk of causing harmful side effects to the fetus.

One of the conditions that can occur due to the use of retinol during pregnancy is fetal retinoid syndrome. This condition can increase the risk of about 18–28% of babies born with birth defects and 60% of having problems with neurocognition or impaired mental function.

Some of the symptoms and complaints that can appear when experiencing fetal retinoid syndrome are:

  • Microtia
  • Stenosis (narrowed) ear canal
  • No ears at all
  • Midface hypoplasia
  • Cleft lip
  • Paralysis of facial nerves
  • Large eye distance (hypertelorism)
  • Heart disorders, such as tetralogy of Fallot or ventricular septal defects (VSDs)
  • The buildup of fluid in the brain (hydrocephalus)
  • Microcephaly

Not only that, too much exposure to vitamin A during pregnancy is also known to increase the risk of miscarriage.

Retinoids can be found in skincare or cosmetic products with names, such as tazarotene, tretinoin, alitretinoin, retinoic acid, retinol, retinyl linoleate, retinyl palmitate, bexarotene. So, if pregnant women's skincare or make-up contain this ingredient, you should avoid using it, OK?

Instead, pregnant women can use products that contain low levels of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) if you want to exfoliate your skin. AHAs are classified as safe to use during pregnancy and there is no scientific evidence showing their effects on fetal he alth. However, make sure you don't overuse it, okay?

In addition, skincare with vitamin C, vitamin E, niacinamide, ceramide, and hyaluronic acid can also be used during pregnancy. Remember, pregnant women, skin care during pregnancy still needs to be done so that the skin can look bright and flushed.

If pregnant women still have questions about using retinol or are unsure about choosing skincare products that are suitable and safe to use during pregnancy, you should consult directly with your doctor.

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