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There are various types of DHF drugs to treat dengue hemorrhagic fever, both medical drugs and herbal medicines. Giving these drugs is needed to relieve the symptoms of DHF and prevent serious complications that can occur
Actually, there are two types of the disease which is often called dengue fever, namely dengue fever (DD) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). Symptoms of dengue fever are generally the same as dengue fever, namely fever, headache, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and skin rash.
But in DHF, this disease is accompanied by symptoms and signs of bleeding, such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, vomiting or bloody stools, decreased platelet levels, increased hematocrit levels, low blood pressure, and tachycardia.
Although different, dengue fever and DHF can be transmitted through the bite of the same mosquito, namely Aedes aegypti which carries the dengue virus.
Types of DHF Drugs from the Medical Side
Until now, there is no DHF drug that can eradicate the Dengue virus and completely cure DHF. Drug administration only aims to relieve symptoms that appear as well as prevent and treat complications of DHF, such as severe bleeding and dengue shock syndrome.
In addition, the administration of DHF drugs by doctors is usually adjusted to the severity of the symptoms and the general condition of the patient. Well, here are some types of dengue drugs that are often used:
1. Fever reliever
The use of fever-reducing drugs, such as paracetamol, is quite effective in treating fever symptoms that arise due to dengue fever. In addition to reducing fever, paracetamol can also be used to treat pain due to dengue fever, such as bone and muscle pain or headaches.
2. Infusion fluid
DHF sufferers are generally advised to eat and drink enough water to prevent dehydration. However, dengue fever sometimes causes symptoms of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, making it difficult for sufferers to eat and drink.
If the patient has difficulty meeting the intake of body fluids and nutrients from food and drinks, the doctor will usually give intravenous fluids.
3. Blood transfusion
Blood transfusion in patients with DHF is generally rarely done. This treatment is usually aimed at patients who experience heavy bleeding, such as bloody vomiting, repeated nosebleeds, or bloody stools that don't stop.
Giving blood transfusions also serves to increase the number of platelets that often decrease due to dengue. Platelets are blood cells that play an important role in stopping bleeding in the body.
4. Supporting drugs
In addition to the above treatment, doctors will usually also provide anti-nausea treatment, such as domperidone or ondansetron, to reduce nausea and vomiting so that dengue patients can eat and drink better. However, the administration of this drug must be in accordance with the advice of the doctor.
Providing vitamins can also be an option to increase the immunity of people with dengue fever against the dengue virus, for example vitamin D or multivitamin supplements.
It is important to know that during dengue fever, you are not advised to take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ketorolac, diclofenac, ibuprofen, and aspirin.
This is because these types of drugs can exacerbate bleeding so that it can be dangerous for people with DHF.
DHF Drugs from Herbal Plants
In addition to medical drugs, there are also herbal medicines that are thought to be able to treat dengue fever, such as papaya leaf extract. A number of studies say that consumption of papaya leaf extract can overcome DHF by increasing platelets and the number of red blood cells in the sufferer's body.
Several types of other herbal plants, such as guava leaves, coriander, anise, Echinacea flowers, and wheat grass, are also believed to be effective in dealing with dengue fever.
Even so, the use of herbal plants as a DHF drug still requires further research to ensure the effectiveness, safety, and appropriate dosage for DHF sufferers.
Please note that the recovery period for dengue fever generally lasts 1-2 weeks. During this time, you are advised to reduce physical activity, get more rest, eat nutritious foods, and drink enough water.
Various DHF Prevention Tips
In order to avoid dengue fever, it is important to always keep your home and surroundings clean. You can do this by implementing the following precautions:
- Drain and clean water reservoirs, such as bathtubs and flower vases, at least once a week
- Closing water reservoirs
- Bury used items
- Throwing trash in its place, especially wet garbage
- Using mosquito repellent spray or fogging around the house
- Using closed clothes and mosquito repellent to prevent mosquito bites
- Turn on a fan or aromatherapy that can repel mosquitoes, for example those that smell like lavender, lemon, or lemongrass
If you or someone around you is experiencing symptoms of dengue fever, you should immediately go to a doctor so you can get the right dengue medicine. Examination and treatment from a doctor is important so that DHF does not cause serious complications.