Knowing the Male Reproductive Organs and the Hormones That Affect It

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Knowing the Male Reproductive Organs and the Hormones That Affect It
Knowing the Male Reproductive Organs and the Hormones That Affect It
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The male reproductive organs are a group of organs involved in the reproductive system and are divided into two parts, namely internal organs and external organs. In the reproductive process, certain hormones are also needed to help the function of the male reproductive organs

The male reproductive organs are owned from birth, but the reproductive ability will only begin after puberty, which is in the age range of 9-15 years. Broadly speaking, the male reproductive organs function to produce semen and sperm, then enter the sperm into the female reproductive organs for the fertilization process.

Know the Male Reproductive Organs and the Hormones That Affect It - Alodokter

Male Reproductive Organs

Based on its location, the male reproductive organs are divided into two parts, namely:

External organs

The external male reproductive organ consists of three organs, namely:

  • Penis, serves as a way out of urine and sperm.
  • Scrotum (scrotum), serves as a temperature control system in the testes. Temperature in the testes is closely related to the production of he althy sperm.
  • Testis, function to produce sperm and testosterone (the main hormone in men).

Internal organs

Inner male reproductive organs consist of several organs, including:

  • Epididimis, functions to store sperm cells produced in the testes and transport immature sperm to the vas deferens tube to become mature sperm.
  • Prostate gland, contributes to providing additional fluid for the ejaculation process. Prostate fluid also helps sperm to stay he althy.
  • Bulbourethral glands, play a role in producing fluid that serves to lubricate the urethra and neutralize acidity that may exist due to residual urine droplets.
  • Seminal vesicles, function to produce fructose fluid which is used by sperm as an energy source during activities.
  • Urethra, the tube that carries urine or sperm out of the body.
  • V as deferens, which is a tube that functions to transport mature sperm to the urethra in preparation for ejaculation.

All of these male reproductive organs play an important role in every stage of the reproductive process, from fertilization to pregnancy.

When a man or boy who has gone through puberty is sexually aroused, his body will experience an erection. When erect, the penis will enlarge and stiffen because the blood vessels widen so that more blood enters.

After a man experiences an erection, which is then followed by ejaculation, the penis will secrete semen along with the sperm in it. In each ejaculation, the volume of semen released is 2.5-5 milliliters. Each milliliter contains more than 20 million sperm.

After the sperm enters the vagina, the sperm will continue to move towards the cervix until the egg cell reaches the fertilization process and finally pregnancy occurs.

Male Reproductive Hormones

The entire male reproductive system depends on hormones, which are chemicals that regulate the activity of cells and organs in the body. The main hormones involved in the functioning of the male reproductive system include:

1. Gonadotropin hormone

When boys enter puberty, their bodies will produce more gonadotropin hormones. This hormone is produced by the hypothalamus gland in the brain.

The increase in gonadotropin hormone will then stimulate the production of luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone (follicle-stimulating hormone) produced by the pituitary gland.

2. Follicle-stimulating hormone

This hormone is very important so that the male reproductive organs can produce sperm. Every day the production of sperm produced can reach 300 million, with the formation period of each sperm about 65–75 days.

3. Luteinizing hormone

When this hormone is released into the blood, there will be production and release of testosterone as the main male hormone.

4. Testosterone

The production of testosterone during puberty triggers various physical changes, such as enlargement of the testes and scrotum, a longer penis, a louder voice, and the growth of hair around the genitals, face, and armpits.

Some teenage boys also experience significant weight and height gain after entering puberty. Testosterone will also affect bone mass and sex drive.

Providing an adequate understanding to boys about the male reproductive organs, preferably starting from childhood to adolescence. This is intended to prevent dangerous sexual behavior and unplanned pregnancies, early on.

If you have any questions or problems with your reproductive organs, it is recommended to consult a doctor.

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