Bartholin's Gland Disorders Cause Sexual Pain

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Bartholin's Gland Disorders Cause Sexual Pain
Bartholin's Gland Disorders Cause Sexual Pain

Bartholin's glands are a pair of small organs under the folds of the vaginal lips (labia). This gland disorder generally goes away on its own, but sometimes it can cause pain that makes it difficult for the sufferer to walk

Bartholin's glands secrete fluid to moisturize and lubricate the outside of the vagina. This fluid comes out of the Bartholin's canal which is at the mouth of the vagina. However, there are times when the Bartholin's ducts and glands become compromised.

Bartholin's Gland Disorders Cause Sexual Pain

Beware of Causes and Symptoms of Bartholin's Gland Disorder

There are at least 2 disorders of the Bartholin's glands, namely:

Bartholin's gland cyst

This condition occurs when the Bartholin's ducts become blocked, resulting in a buildup of fluid in the Bartholin's glands. It is not yet known why Bartholin's gland cysts occur, but they are thought to be caused by injury, irritation, or extra skin growth in the vulvar area of ​​the vagina.

Bartholin's gland cysts usually go away on their own, are small and painless.

Bartholin's gland abscess

A Bartholin's gland abscess occurs when this gland or duct becomes infected. This condition is generally caused by a bacterial infection, swelling, thick mucus, or complications from a sexually transmitted disease.

Bacteria infections can be caused by E. coli bacteria or bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. Infection can occur in a matter of days and cause several symptoms, such as:

  • Soft, painful lumps and redness in the vulva area
  • Pain when walking, sitting, or having sex
  • Body fever or chills
  • Pain that is severe and makes it difficult to walk, sit, or move
  • Liquid from the lump

In general, Bartholin's gland cysts or abscesses only occur on one side of the vaginal opening. If not treated immediately, the infection can spread to other parts of the body, for example to the blood vessels and cause septicemia.

Treatment of Bartholin's Gland Disorders

To treat disorders of the Bartholin's glands, doctors may recommend the following steps:

1. Soak in warm water

Soaking the vagina to the pelvis and buttocks in warm water several times a day, for 3-4 days, can help to pop and drain small infected cysts.

2. Draining the cyst

Surgeries are performed to drain infected cysts or remove very large cysts.

3. Giving antibiotics

Antibiotic drugs are given to treat cysts that are infected with bacteria or to treat sexually transmitted infections. Antibiotics are not needed if the fluid inside the lump is drained properly.

4. Masupialization

Marsupialization is a procedure in which the doctor cuts a Bartholin's gland cyst, then stitches each side of the cyst to the surrounding area to remove the blocked fluid.

After the fluid and blood have drained out, the doctor will provide a special pad and catheter to prevent the recurrence of the Bartholin's gland cyst.

5. Operation

In some very rare cases, the doctor may need to surgically remove the Bartholin's gland. Usually this procedure is done when other treatments don't work.

Bartholin's gland disorders cannot always be prevented, but the risk of these disorders can be reduced by taking the following actions:

  • Maintaining the cleanliness of the female organs
  • Using a condom during sexual intercourse
  • Have safe sex
  • Consuming enough fluids
  • Avoid holding back urination for too long

Immediately consult a doctor, if there is a painful lump in the mouth of your vagina, especially if it does not subside within 2-3 days even though it has been treated.

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