Prostate Gland Function and Disorders That Can Haunted It

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Prostate Gland Function and Disorders That Can Haunted It
Prostate Gland Function and Disorders That Can Haunted It

The prostate gland plays an important role in the male reproductive system. If the function of the prostate gland is disturbed, this condition can have various effects on male he alth and fertility

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located in the pelvis, just below the bladder. This gland is only found in men and not found in women.

The function of the prostate gland and disorders that can haunt it

The prostate gland enlarges twice, namely when a man is going through puberty and when he starts to enter the age of 30. The weight of this gland will continue to increase with age, from 20 grams in adulthood to 40 grams at the age of about 70 years.

Prostate Gland Function

As part of the male reproductive system, the prostate gland plays an important role in male fertility. The functions of the prostate gland include:

  • Releasing fluid that protects and nourishes sperm. During ejaculation, the fluid will be released along with the sperm as semen. With this fluid, sperm is able to move efficiently in a woman's uterus.
  • Closing the urinary tract during ejaculation to prevent semen from entering the bladder.
  • Supports the performance of the main male sex hormone, namely testosterone.

Common Prostate Disorders

The function of the prostate gland can be disturbed if the size of the prostate is too large or if the prostate is affected by certain diseases. Here are some disorders that can attack the prostate:

1. Benign prostate enlargement

Clear prostate hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition in which the prostate gland is enlarged, but not cancerous.

When enlarged, the prostate gland can pressurize the urinary tract and the bladder thickens. As a result, the urine disposal process will be disrupted.

Benign prostate enlargement has several signs and symptoms, such as difficulty urinating, stuttering urine flow, and feeling incomplete after urinating.

No one knows for sure the cause of benign prostate enlargement. However, it is thought to be due to changes in male sex hormone levels due to aging.

2. Prostatitis

Prostatitis is swelling or inflammation of the prostate gland due to infection originating from urinary tract infections or sexually transmitted diseases. This infection can be caused by bacteria or viruses. P

rostatitis is more common in men aged between 30–50 years, as well as men with weak immune systems.

Some of the symptoms that this disease can cause are:

  • Pain when urinating
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Fever
  • Pelvic pain
  • Weak urine flow
  • Frequent urination, especially at night
  • There is blood in the urine
  • Pain in the penis and testicles
  • Pain when ejaculating

3. Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is one type of cancer that often attacks men. This condition occurs due to the growth of abnormal cells in the prostate gland.

Until now, the cause of prostate cancer is still unknown. However, there are several factors that can increase a man's risk of prostate cancer, namely a family history of prostate cancer, advanced age, and obesity.

In its early stages, prostate cancer is generally asymptomatic. Signs and symptoms of new disease appear when prostate cancer has entered an advanced stage. Symptoms include:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Weak urine flow
  • Feeling incomplete after urinating
  • Pain in the pelvic area or back
  • Losing weight
  • There is blood in the urine or semen

Maintaining prostate he alth is very important to prevent various disorders that can reduce prostate gland function, and reduce the risk of male infertility.

Start taking care of your prostate he alth by eating lots of fruits and vegetables, as well as foods containing selenium, lycopene, vitamin D, omega-3 and zinc, quitting smoking, and exercising regularly.

If there are complaints related to prostate disorders, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment.

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