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Hormone injection is one of the therapeutic methods for medical conditions that require the addition of certain hormones. This treatment is done by injecting artificial hormones or synthetic hormones into the body
Hormones are important chemicals that regulate basic body functions, including growth and development, metabolism, reproductive system and sexual function, digestive system, and even mood.
In the treatment of certain diseases, hormone injections can be used as a solution to overcome the symptoms of the disorders caused. This therapy is often used to treat hormonal disorders.
Types of Hormone Injections
There are different types of hormone injection therapy used. Each type has its own use, both in medicine and in the work of the body's organs.
Injecting Testosterone Hormone
Testosterone injections are generally used to treat medical conditions related to a lack of testosterone in men. Some of the symptoms that indicate the possibility of a man experiencing a testosterone deficiency are:
- Reduced sex drive
- Erectile dysfunction
- low sperm count
- Psychological problems such as difficulty concentrating, depression and anxiety
- Hot flashes, i.e. feeling hot with skin color turning red and sweating
- Weight gain
- Changes in penis and testicle size
- Swollen breasts in men (gynecomastia)
Testosterone injections are generally not recommended for women because they can cause side effects such as acne, baldness, and severe voice changes.
However, this therapy is sometimes used to relieve menopausal symptoms, such as decreased sex drive, mood swings and fatigue. This may be allowed by the doctor, if the patient has previously undergone estrogen therapy but to no avail.
Injecting Estrogen Hormones
Estrogen injection generally aims to overcome problems due to insufficient production of the female hormone estrogen in a woman's body.
Some medical conditions or diseases that can be treated with estrogen hormone injections are:
- Menopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes, insomnia, excessive sweating, and vaginal dryness
- Vulval atrophy, which can cause vaginal dryness and pain and urinary incontinence
- Atrophic vaginitis, which is inflammation of the vagina which is often caused by vaginal dryness and irritation
- Prostate cancer
- The body naturally does not produce enough estrogen, for example due to abnormalities in the ovaries.
- Osteoporosis after
Injecting the hormone estrogen is known to increase the risk of blood clots causing strokes and heart attacks. In addition, estrogen can also increase the risk of ovarian cancer and breast cancer.
Considering the side effects and risks that are not small, the administration of estrogen hormone injections must go through a doctor's consideration and evaluation.
Both men and women both produce the hormone progesterone. In women, this hormone has a very important role during pregnancy, namely strengthening the uterine wall, helping the growth of breast tissue, and ensuring the body does not produce milk until the baby is born.
Progesterone injection is usually given to pregnant women who are prone to miscarriage, women who have had miscarriages, and pregnant women who are at risk of giving birth to premature babies.
However, there is no strong evidence that progesterone can completely prevent miscarriage, especially in women who have had multiple miscarriages.
Progesterone injections are generally given at 16–24 weeks of pregnancy.
Injecting the hormone insulin
Insulin is a natural hormone that allows the body to convert glucose into energy. Insulin plays an important role in helping control blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body.
However, if insulin production in the body is inadequate or the body cannot use insulin properly, then insulin injections can be a solution.
In general, insulin injections are intended for people with diabetes, both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. In people with type 1 diabetes, insulin therapy must be carried out for life.
In type 2 diabetes, insulin is often used in combination with antidiabetic drugs and a special diabetes diet to control blood sugar levels.
Before deciding to take hormone injection therapy, you need to consult with your doctor first to get complete information about the use, procedure, dosage, and side effects that may be caused.