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In general, testosterone injections are used to treat he alth problems, such as low testosterone levels and erectile dysfunction. However, the testosterone injection procedure also has a number of risks
In the male body, the hormone testosterone is produced by the testes (testicles). This hormone affects bone density, muscle mass and strength, hair growth, red blood cell production, fat distribution, sex drive, and sperm production.
There are several medical conditions that can make testosterone levels low, so testosterone injection therapy is needed to overcome them.
Benefits of Testosterone Hormone Injections
The normal level of testosterone in men is around 300–1,000 ng/dL. The production of this hormone will naturally decrease after a man enters the age of 30.
Some of the symptoms of low testosterone levels include decreased sex drive and sperm production, weight gain, and hot flushes (feeling hot, sweating, heart palpitations and skin looking red).
Testosterone injection therapy is one of the efforts to overcome this condition. In addition to injections, this hormone can also be given in the form of a gel or patch, as well as pellets or implants that are directly inserted into the body by a doctor.
Giving of the hormone testosterone in the form of drinking drugs is rarely done, because it is feared that it can interfere with the he alth of the liver.
Before the testosterone injection is given, the patient must undergo a complete medical examination and the level of testosterone in the blood. Your doctor may also suggest a complete blood count to make sure testosterone therapy doesn't raise your red blood cell count too high.
In general, testosterone injections are carried out regularly every 7–14 days, or with longer breaks, depending on the patient's he alth condition.
About 2-3 days after the injection, testosterone production will be very high, which will then decrease again until the next injection.
In most men, low testosterone symptoms will improve after 6 weeks of therapy. An increase in muscle mass can also be felt after 3–6 months.
Risk of Testosterone Hormone Injection
Although testosterone injections can be used to treat he alth problems, this procedure still has a number of risks. For example, a rash, itching, or irritation occurs, especially at the injection site.
Testosterone therapy can also cause some side effects, such as acne, infertility, enlargement of breast size in men (gynecomastia), and an increase in the number of red blood cells.
Testosterone injections are not recommended for men who suffer from benign prostate enlargement, prostate cancer, blood clotting disorders, sleep apnea, and heart failure, because this treatment can increase the risk of exacerbating these diseases.
In addition, men who have high red blood cell levels and the elderly are also advised to avoid testosterone injections, because they can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.
In prostate cancer patients, testosterone hormone therapy can increase the risk of cancer spreading (metastasis) if it is carried out in the long term.
Consider well if the doctor recommends testosterone injections. Request complete information about the benefits and risks.