Function of Natural and Artificial Progesterone Hormones

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Function of Natural and Artificial Progesterone Hormones
Function of Natural and Artificial Progesterone Hormones

The function of the hormone progesterone is closely related to the female reproductive system. This hormone occurs naturally in the body and is released by the ovaries, but it can also be produced in the laboratory for medical purposes

The use of artificial progesterone as a drug can be available in various forms, such as oral drugs, topical (topical) drugs, and injections. Each form of medicine has a different treatment goal. Understanding the function of the hormone progesterone can make women better understand their body mechanisms.

Functions of Natural and Artificial Progesterone Hormones - Alodokter

Function of Natural Progesterone Hormone

Here are some important roles of the hormone progesterone in a woman's body:

1. Preparing the uterus as a place for the growth of the fetus

The hormone progesterone is also known as the pregnancy hormone. Together with the hormone estrogen, progesterone will change the cervical mucus to become thicker and thicker in early pregnancy. The drop in progesterone levels during pregnancy can cause miscarriage.

2. Regulate ovulation

Low levels of progesterone are associated with ovulation and the chances of getting pregnant or not. If fertilization does not occur, menstruation will occur, which begins with a decrease in the level of the hormone progesterone.

3. Triggers milk production

During the breastfeeding process, the hormones progesterone and estrogen are needed in initiating lactation or preparing for breastfeeding. These two hormones help stimulate the mammary glands in the breasts to produce milk.

4. Play a role in puberty

Various hormones, including progesterone, play an important role in shaping the female body during puberty. This hormone works together with the hormone estrogen to enlarge breasts, grow pubic and armpit hair, increase body fat in the waist and thigh area, to ripen the uterus.

5. Increase sexual arousal

Together with the hormones estrogen and testosterone, levels of the hormone progesterone will increase and peak before ovulation. This can increase a woman's sexual arousal (libido).

Function of Artificial Progesterone Hormone

Artificial progesterone is generally used for the following conditions:

  • Stimulates or induces menstruation
  • Treating uterine bleeding related to hormonal imbalance
  • Treating severe premenstrual syndrome symptoms
  • As a component that plays a role in hormonal contraceptive methods
  • Used with estrogen as part of hormone replacement therapy
  • Increase the chances of pregnancy
  • Prevents thickening of the uterine wall
  • Treatment of menopausal symptoms, such as red and hot facial skin (hot flashes)
  • Reducing the risk of premature birth
  • Treating breast pain due to non-cancerous breast disorders

Although the function of the hormone progesterone is very large, the use of this hormone in people with certain diseases should be avoided because it can cause he alth problems. For example, in patients with breast cancer, vaginal bleeding of unknown cause, or patients with impaired liver function.

In addition, keep in mind that the use of artificial progesterone hormones must first be consulted with a doctor. Do not let the function of the hormone progesterone become ineffective because it is used carelessly.

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