Table of contents:
- The Difference Between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
- Which is Better, Intrinsic or Extrinsic Motivation?
There are two types of motivation, namely intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The difference between the two lies in the drive or intention in doing the motivation itself. These two types of motivation have different ways of working and have different effects in pursuing goals
Motivation is an urge, stimulus, or desire that is used as the basis for someone to do something in order to achieve certain goals. In the world of psychology, the drive to be motivated can come from intrinsic (internal) or extrinsic (external).
The Difference Between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
To be clear, the following is a description of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation that you need to know:
Intrinsic motivation is motivation that comes from within to achieve something to satisfy oneself and without being influenced by external rewards.
So, this motivation makes someone do certain activities because they think it is something that is useful for themselves or provides satisfaction for themselves. This type of motivation is influenced by interest or pleasure in certain activities.
Some activities that can describe intrinsic motivation, namely:
- Participate in the race because you want to enjoy the activities of the race
- Learn new things because they find it interesting
- Spending time with other people because you want to enjoy your time with them
- Cleaning the room because he has a hobby of cleaning
- Playing the game because you want to complete a mission
- Volunteer because I love to help others
- Take many responsibilities at work because you want to challenge yourself and feel successful
- Drawing and painting because it can make you calm and happy
Extrinsic motivation is motivation that arises because of the desire to get a reward or reward. These rewards or prizes can be in the form of praise, awards, money, or certain items. In addition, doing an activity with the intention of avoiding punishment is also included in extrinsic motivation.
So, this motivation makes a person do an activity not for his own satisfaction, but because he hopes to get something in return or avoid something that is unpleasant.
Examples that illustrate extrinsic motivation include:
- Participate in the race because you want to take home the prize
- Learn new things because of job demands
- Spending time with other people because you want to improve your social status
- Cleaning the room so parents don't get scolded
- Play the game because you want to get a prize in the form of money
- Volunteer to fulfill a requirement
- Taking on a lot of responsibilities at work because of wanting to get a raise or promotion
- Draw and paint to make money
Which is Better, Intrinsic or Extrinsic Motivation?
Many people think that intrinsic motivation is the best type of motivation. In fact, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are both good and important, you know. They can be used in different situations and activities, and have different effects on human behavior.
For example, in the world of work, productivity can be increased by extrinsic motivation, such as bonuses. Meanwhile, to increase quality productivity, this is influenced by intrinsic motivation.
If these two motivations are combined, then you will be more enthusiastic when doing and completing tasks that you find interesting, especially if accompanied by prizes or appreciation that you can get afterwards.
Although intrinsic motivation can trigger people to do their best because the desire that exists comes from within, not all activities can be done with this motivation. This is why extrinsic motivation is still needed.
Extrinsic motivation can be used so that someone is motivated to complete a task or job that he finds unpleasant, but must be done. It can also foster interest in other people's activities that they weren't originally interested in and a form of appreciation for other people's performance.
Even so, excessive extrinsic motivation is known to reduce intrinsic motivation. For example, someone who initially does a certain sport because it is interesting and fun, but because he is always given a gift, it could be that the interest is actually reduced and finally only focuses on the prize.
Excessive extrinsic motivation also often makes activities aimed at “play” turn into “work”.
Well, now you understand the two types of motivation, right? Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation are both good, really. The most important thing is that you can treat these two types of motivation as something positive.
If you still have questions regarding motivation or feel that you don't have the motivation to live your life, you should consult a doctor or psychologist, OK. The reason is, a lack of motivation that occurs in the long term is included in the symptoms of mental illness, such as depression.