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Shrimp allergy medicine is often used to treat allergic reactions that arise due to consumption of shrimp or foods containing shrimp. This allergy is one of the most common types of food allergies
Shrimp allergic reactions generally occur when people with a shrimp allergy eat shrimp directly or foods containing shrimp.
However, in certain cases, allergic reactions can also occur when the sufferer eats food that is processed with equipment used to process shrimp.
Shrimp allergy can be overcome and prevented by using shrimp allergy medicine. However, not only drugs, preventive measures are also important to prevent the recurrence of shrimp allergy symptoms.
Shrimp Allergic Reaction
Shrimp allergy occurs when the immune system of allergy sufferers experiences an exaggerated response when exposed to certain proteins or substances in shrimp, such as tropomyosin, ciguatera, or saxitoxin.
When the patient's body is exposed to shrimp or these substances, their immune system will produce histamine, resulting in an allergic reaction.
Allergic reactions that appear can vary, ranging from mild to severe. In cases of mild and moderate allergies, there are several symptoms that can appear, namely:
- Skin rash
- Itchy bumps on the skin or hives
- Swelling of the lips, tongue, or face
- Stomach ache or stomach cramps
- Nausea or vomiting
Shrimp allergy symptoms can appear quickly and last up to several hours or even days.
Meanwhile, a severe shrimp allergic reaction can lead to life-threatening anaphylactic shock. This condition can cause shortness of breath, blood pressure drops dramatically, pale and bluish skin, to fainting or even coma.
Various Shrimp Allergy Drugs
Treatment of shrimp allergy can be distinguished based on the severity of the allergic reaction that appears in the body. The following are some types of medicine that can relieve the symptoms of a shrimp allergy:
Antihistamines function to reduce histamine levels produced by the body's immune system due to shrimp allergies. This drug is usually used to treat mild to severe cases of shrimp allergy.
This drug can be obtained freely or according to a doctor's prescription. To treat mild allergies, you can use over-the-counter allergy medications.
However, if the allergy symptoms are severe or recur frequently, you will need to take antihistamines as prescribed by your doctor, such as cetirizine, loratadine, and fexofenadine.
Corticosteroids are generally used to treat severe inflammatory reactions due to allergic reactions and are generally not used for mild allergic reactions. This medicine is not recommended for over-the-counter use and should only be used according to a doctor's prescription.
If taken carelessly or not according to the dose, corticosteroids can be at risk of causing various side effects, such as kidney and liver damage, Cushing's syndrome, to weakening of the body's immunity.
Epinephrine or adrenaline is an injectable drug to treat severe shrimp allergic reactions. This allergy medicine is only used in cases of shrimp allergy that causes anaphylactic shock.
After receiving this drug, allergy sufferers will usually be monitored for several hours in a hospital or clinic until allergy symptoms improve completely.
Shrimp Allergy Prevention Measures
In addition to consuming shrimp allergy medicine, there are several preventive steps that can be taken so that shrimp allergy does not recur, namely:
Avoid eating shrimp or other seafood
Several studies state that the best way to prevent a recurrence of a shrimp allergy is to avoid eating shrimp or other types of seafood, such as squid, crab, or lobster. It also aims to avoid contamination due to processing on the same cooking utensil.
Get in the habit of reading food labels before consuming it
In addition to avoiding shrimp consumption, you also have to be more careful in reading the labels of the food you eat, especially packaged food products. Make sure that the food does not contain shrimp so that it is safe for consumption.
Avoid exposure to the smell of shrimp from the dining area
You are advised to avoid eating areas where prawns or seafood are prepared in the open, such as in grill or grilled restaurants. That's because exposure to the smell of shrimp can trigger your shrimp allergy to recur.
Basically, to prevent a shrimp allergy from reoccurring, you need to be more careful when eating food and when traveling to places. If after taking shrimp allergy medicine, your complaint does not improve, immediately consult a doctor to get the right medical treatment.