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Over-the-counter baby cold medicine is sometimes used as a practical solution to stop the little one's pain. In fact, giving cold medicine to babies aged two years and under is not recommended because it can cause serious side effects
In the first year of life, your little one can get 6-8 colds. This is because their immune system is not yet fully developed and formed.
Flu can attack your little one if he/she is in close proximity to an infected person or touches objects that are contaminated with the virus that causes colds.
Can I Give Baby Cold Medicine?
Actually, an influenza virus infection that causes your little one to get a cold cough can get better on its own within 5-7 days. So baby cold medicine is not always needed.
Babies who have flu and fever are still allowed to be given pain relievers and fever-reducing drugs such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Giving the drug aims to reduce discomfort due to fever when the baby has a cold.
However, don't expect your little one to recover from a cold after taking fever-reducing medication. This is because the drug does not work to eradicate the flu virus. Mild fever in babies is a sign that the little one's body is trying to fight the virus.
Parents should pay attention to the administration of this fever reducer and the age of the baby.If your child is under 3 months old, paracetamol or the like is not recommended because the dosage guidelines can be confusing. Consult your pediatrician for the correct dosage.
Meanwhile, ibuprofen should only be given to babies aged 6 months or older. This drug is not an over-the-counter drug, so it can only be given based on a doctor's prescription.
What Should I Do?
Instead of giving baby cold medicine, the following steps are recommended for parents when their baby has a cold:
1. Relieve Little One's Fever
If your little one is 0–3 months old and has a fever, parents or caregivers are advised to contact the doctor immediately.
Don't just give fever-reducing drugs that are sold without the advice of a doctor. If in doubt, contact your doctor to confirm the correct dosage.
2. Give drinks to prevent dehydration
It is important to maintain baby's body fluids, regardless of the age of the little one. If the baby is less than 4 months old, only breast milk or formula is needed, not other liquids.
If your baby is four months old or older, you can add a little water in addition to breast milk. Juice diluted with water may be given to babies aged 6 months and over.
3. Make your little one feel comfortable
To make your baby's breathing better when he has a cold, try making your little one sleep with his head slightly elevated. To make this position easier, place a few towels between the head and the mattress.
However, don't position your head too high because it risks disturbing the baby's airway. This is at risk of causing the Little One to experience sudden death due to difficulty breathing.
To help your little one sleep and rest more comfortably, you can give a gentle massage or play slow music so that your little one can rest better.
4. Relieve stuffy nose
When you have a cold, the most annoying thing is a stuffy nose. So that the baby is not too tormented with nasal congestion, doctors recommend using a nasal aspirator or nasal spray containing saline.
This is expected to be able to clear the throat from the flow of mucus and clear the nose from snot.
5. Make a warm steam room
Parents can also put warm water in the tub or turn on the hot shower in the bathroom. Accompany your little one sitting in the bathroom for a few minutes.
This is done so that babies with colds can inhale the warm vapors that fill the room and make it easier for them to breathe.
6. Keep clean and air quality
You can also use a humidifier to maintain humidity and air quality. So that your little one can rest comfortably, while preventing the symptoms from worsening, it is recommended not to smoke or use air freshener in the house.
Although baby cold medicine is not recommended for consumption, you can still give cold medicine to your little one. However, only drugs from a doctor should be consumed. You should also call the doctor if your baby has a fever above 38°C.
In addition, babies who don't want to eat and drink, have a cough that doesn't heal for more than three weeks, are weak, lips turn blue, ears hurt, have difficulty breathing with wheezing, and have signs of dehydration are also advised to be taken to the doctor..