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Dengue fever and COVID-19 have similarities in some symptoms, so that quite a lot of people mistakenly recognize them. Knowing the difference between the two diseases can help you to be aware of them and get the right treatment
Fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting are some of the symptoms of dengue fever and COVID-19 that look similar. The similarity of these symptoms can cause people to mistake dengue fever as a Corona virus infection or vice versa, especially if these symptoms are felt in the middle of the rainy season.
Even so, these two diseases have distinctive symptoms that only each of them has. What are the symptoms?
Differences in Symptoms of Dengue Fever and COVID-19
Here are some of the differences between the symptoms of COVID-19 and dengue fever:
Symptoms of dengue fever
Dengue fever is caused by dengue virus infection which is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito. Symptoms of this disease will usually appear within 3–10 days after being bitten by a mosquito.
In addition to fever, typical symptoms of dengue fever include:
- Pain behind the eye
- Muscle pain
- A rash or red spots appear on the skin
- Swollen lymph nodes
If it is severe, dengue fever will cause symptoms such as:
- severe abdominal pain or pain when pressed
- Nosebleeds or bleeding gums
- There is blood in the stool, urine, or vomit
COVID-19 is caused by the Corona virus and is transmitted through splashes of snot or saliva when a person with COVID-19 talks, sneezes, or coughs. Symptoms of COVID-19 usually appear within 2–14 days after exposure to the virus.
A person can be suspected of being infected with COVID-19 if they have a fever accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
- Body feels tired
- Muscle pain or body aches
- Loss of sense of smell (anosmia) or sense of taste (ageusia)
- Sore throat
- Stuffy nose or runny nose
If you experience some of the symptoms of dengue fever or COVID-19 above, the first thing you need to do is consult a doctor. To reduce the risk of transmitting the virus, you can do consultations online using a he alth service application.
The doctor will tell you what actions you should take to get proper medical treatment.
In addition, take the following steps to relieve the symptoms you are experiencing:
- Take paracetamol to reduce aches or pains.
- Take cough medicine, if you cough.
- Make sure to get enough rest.
- Drink at least 8 glasses of water every day so that the amount of body fluids is maintained.
Fever, both caused by dengue fever and COVID-19, can cause the body to lose fluids and lead to dehydration. Therefore, it is recommended that you consume plenty of fluids, either water or soup stock.
You can also consume fresh fruit, fruit juice, or packaged fruit juice. In addition to hydrating the body, fruits also contain many vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and other important nutrients needed by the body, especially when you are sick
One of the fruits that you can consume is guava. Besides being useful for restoring lost body fluids, guava is also rich in vitamin C which is useful for increasing immunity while fighting viruses or bacteria that cause infection.
To make it more practical and easy to consume, you can consume guava in the form of juice, either made by yourself or packaged juice. Make sure to choose juices made from real fruit, without any sweeteners, preservatives and synthetic colorings.
As a precaution, you can get dengue vaccine or COVID-19 vaccine to reduce the risk of getting dengue fever or COVID-19.
Applying mosquito repellent to the skin, wearing clothes or trousers, and eradicating mosquito nests are also necessary to prevent dengue fever. Meanwhile, to prevent COVID-19, you need to implement he alth protocols by keeping a distance from other people, wearing masks, and diligently washing your hands using water and soap or hand sanitizer.