The Importance of the Hormone Insulin in Controlling Blood Sugar

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The Importance of the Hormone Insulin in Controlling Blood Sugar
The Importance of the Hormone Insulin in Controlling Blood Sugar

The hormone insulin is an important part of the body's metabolic system. The main role of the hormone insulin is to help control blood sugar. Disturbances in the hormone insulin can cause he alth problems

Insulin is a natural hormone produced by the pancreas. When we eat, the pancreas releases the hormone insulin, which allows the body to convert glucose into energy and distribute it throughout the body. This one hormone also helps the body store that energy.

The Importance of the Hormone Insulin in Controlling Blood Sugar - Alodokter

The Role of the Hormone Insulin in Controlling Blood Sugar

The hormone insulin helps control blood sugar (glucose) levels in the body. It does this by signaling fat, muscle, and liver cells to take glucose from the blood and convert it into glycogen (muscle sugar) in muscle cells, triglycerides in fat cells, and both in liver cells.

Glycogen and triglycerides are a form of energy source stored by the body.

As long as the pancreas produces enough insulin and the body can use it properly, blood sugar levels will always be in a he althy range. Because in essence, too much or too little glucose is not good for he alth.

The buildup of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) can cause complications, such as kidney and nerve damage, and eye problems.Meanwhile, too little glucose in the blood (hypoglycemia) can make us feel tired, irritable, confused, and even lose consciousness or faint.

If there is not enough insulin in the blood, the body's cells will start to starve. Insufficient insulin means glucose cannot be broken down and means cells cannot use it.

As a result, fat begins to be broken down to make energy. This process then results in the buildup of chemicals called ketones.

Ketones that accumulate in the blood and urine are very dangerous because they can trigger the condition of ketoacidosis in diabetics. Ketoacidosis can even be life-threatening if not treated quickly.

Symptoms include frequent urination for one or several days, feeling very thirsty and tired, nausea and vomiting, stomach pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, drowsiness, and loss of consciousness.

He alth Disorders Due to Disrupted Insulin

If insulin production or work is disrupted, some of these diseases or conditions can attack you:

1. insulin resistance

This condition occurs when muscle, fat, and liver cells cannot use insulin properly. As a result, the pancreas will work extra to produce more insulin so that glucose can be used as energy.

If left untreated, over time insulin resistance will develop into diabetes.

2. Diabetes mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a disease in which blood sugar levels become too high due to the body's inability to use glucose for energy. Glucose can not be changed because the amount of insulin in the body is not enough, or the body's cells do not react to insulin.

3. Insulinoma

Insulinoma is a small tumor in the pancreas. This tumor will result in excessive insulin production.

4. Metabolic syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that can increase the risk of heart disease and other he alth problems, such as stroke and diabetes.

On the other hand, a condition in which insulin does not work effectively to lower blood sugar levels, known as insulin resistance, can also increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome.

5. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a medical condition that causes disturbances in the functioning of the ovaries. PCOS causes levels of several hormones in the body to become abnormal, including higher levels of the hormone insulin.

Many women with PCOS also develop insulin resistance. As a result, the body will produce more insulin.

Insulin is one of the important hormones in the body. Without the hormone insulin, cells will lack energy and must find alternative energy sources. As a result, life-threatening complications can occur.

Therefore, it is important for us to regularly check our he alth conditions to the doctor and do regular blood sugar checks. If there are signs of interference with insulin, the doctor can immediately determine the appropriate treatment steps.

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