Basic Techniques of Communicating with the Deaf

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Basic Techniques of Communicating with the Deaf
Basic Techniques of Communicating with the Deaf

Deaf is a condition in which a person's hearing function is impaired. This condition can be temporary or permanent. To communicate with deaf people, special communication is needed so that the purpose of the conversation can be conveyed properly

There are two types of hearing loss that make a person deaf, namely those that are congenital (present since birth) and those that occur after birth.

Basic Techniques of Communicating with Deaf Persons - Alodokter

Congenital deafness can be caused by genetic mutations, inheritance from parents, or exposure to diseases while still in the womb. While deafness that occurs after birth is usually caused by long-term exposure to loud noises, age, injury, and certain diseases, such as infections.

Hearing Aids for the Deaf

The hearing function of the deaf can be helped thanks to the use of hearing aids. This can be a cochlear implant that is surgically implanted in the ear, or a hearing aid that can be attached and removed as desired.

In addition, loudspeakers can also be attached to electronic devices, such as TVs, telephones, or radios, so that people with hearing impairments can also enjoy shows and interact.

How to Communicate with the Deaf

Communicating with a deaf person is actually not difficult, you just need to learn how to do it and be a little patient. Here are ways you can communicate with deaf people:

  • Attention seekingIt is important to get his attention if you intend to communicate with a deaf person. Touch or tap their shoulder to signal.

  • Find a quiet placeIf possible, move to a quiet place or turn down the sound sources near you.

  • Align your faceWhen you are about to start communicating, keep your eyes on him. Make sure you don't get too close to him so he can see all your body language. Also make sure that the location of the conversation is well lit.

  • Eye contactDuring a conversation with a deaf person, don't take your eye contact and focus off the person who is deaf. Remove any obstructions that may interfere with communication, such as masks or sunglasses.

  • Use facial expressionsUse facial expressions so that deaf people can more easily understand the direction of the conversation.

  • Speak normally and clearlyAvoid whispering or raising your voice as this can make it difficult for him to read lips. Speak in a normal voice and speed. Also avoid talking while chewing or covering your mouth.

  • State the topic of conversationTell the topic you want to discuss and mark if you want to change the topic.

  • Ask if he understandsAsk for feedback to check if he has understood what you are saying.

  • RepeatRepeat what you said, or write what you want to say on paper.

Communicating with deaf people can be a challenge in itself. If you have to communicate with them regularly, it's a good idea to learn official sign language so that both parties can understand each other more easily.

By using sign language when communicating, deaf people will feel more comfortable, compared to having to pay attention or read the other person's lip movements.

If you or your relatives show signs of hearing loss, check with an ENT doctor so they can get the right treatment immediately.

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