Breastfeeding Complementary Foods Can Be Started with the Following Menu

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Breastfeeding Complementary Foods Can Be Started with the Following Menu
Breastfeeding Complementary Foods Can Be Started with the Following Menu

According to the World He alth Organization (WHO), the right time to give complementary foods to breast milk is when the baby is 6 months old. The portion and nutrition of MPASI given must be in accordance with the needs of the baby according to his age

WHO recommends complementary foods for breastfeeding (MPASI) given to infants must contain proportional carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and vitamins and minerals.

This is important for babies who are experiencing a period of growth. In addition, food processing and serving needs to be done hygienically to minimize the risk of contamination with bacteria and dirt.

Recommended Complementary Breast Milk Menu

Maybe many parents are confused about what menu to give as complementary food to breast milk. WHO recommends using local ingredients that are affordable and easily available, but still nutritious.

The following are examples of variations in food ingredients around us that can be processed into nutritious complementary foods:

  • Rice, sweet potato, cassava, potato, and wheat as a source of carbohydrates.
  • Sources of animal protein, such as eggs, chicken, chicken liver, claws, beef, carp, mackerel, mullet, anchovies, baronang, grouper, and shrimp, as well as milk and its derivative products, such as yogurt and cheese.
  • Sources of vegetable protein are found in legumes, such as peas, beans, peanuts, kidney beans, green beans, and processed soybeans, such as tofu and tempeh.
  • Vegetables are a source of vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin A, vitamin C, iron, and phosphorus. Types of vegetables that can be processed into complementary foods such as spinach, kale, chayote, pumpkin, carrots, broccoli, beans, and tomatoes.
  • Fruits are a source of vitamins A, B, B1, B6, minerals, and fiber. Fruits such as banana, avocado, papaya, manga, orange, melon, watermelon, apple, guava, and rambutan can be given as a distraction.
  • Fatty acids, such as in olive oil, coconut oil, beef tallow, and chicken brutu are also needed by babies to add calories and support brain development, nerves, absorption of vitamins, and hormone production.

The following are some simple nutritional and easy-to-make complementary food menu recommendations:

  • Rice, mackerel, pumpkin and coconut oil
  • Rice, chicken liver, spinach, tempeh, and olive oil
  • Potatoes, eggs, carrots, peas and oil from stir-fried chicken brutu
  • Sweet potatoes, beef, red beans, chickpeas and oil from beef fat

You can be creative by steaming, boiling, or sautéing with the addition of aromatic spices, such as shallots, garlic, lemongrass, and bay leaves.

In addition to adding taste, adding local special spices can also add nutritional value to MPASI. However, avoid adding s alt and sugar.

Texture and Frequency of Complementary Feeding

When you are just starting MPASI, give MPASI in a puree texture. Make sure the texture is smooth, but the consistency is thick or doesn't fall off the spoon easily.

To get the right texture, you don't need to smooth it with the help of a blender, but just use a sieve.

Give complementary foods 2–3 times a day, accompanied by 1–2 snacks. The portion starts at 3 tablespoons, then slowly increases to 125 ml.

Only after your little one is 9 months old, you can start to increase the texture of the solids to be finely chopped. For snacks, you can give finger food.

The frequency of eating also increases to 3-4 times a day, accompanied by 1-2 snacks.

If your little one is getting used to it, the texture can be increased to coarsely chopped. Gradual changes in texture and meal portions will make it easier for your little one to adapt to eating a family menu at the age of 1 year.

Facing Obstacles in Providing Complementary Breastfeeding

For six months of his life, the little one is always given breast milk or formula. It's natural for babies to refuse to eat at first.

When the baby refuses or is not very interested in the food given, parents need not worry because this adaptation process will not last long.

Introduce new foods one by one. Wait a few days before your little one is introduced to the next new food. In this way, parents can identify which foods can cause allergies in babies.

Parents' patience is very important because this is a transition period from exclusive breastfeeding to solid foods. This transition period is a very vulnerable time. If this period cannot be passed smoothly, the baby may experience malnutrition.

Providing complementary foods with proper nutrition is one of the keys for babies to grow he althy, optimally, and prevent stunting. Therefore, parents need to prepare adequate complementary foods or fulfill all the nutrients their little ones need.

If you have tried giving various types of food but your little one still doesn't want to eat, or if you have difficulty determining the right complementary food for breast milk, you can consult a pediatrician.

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