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There are changes in diet that you need to pay attention to when you have to undergo hemodialysis. Certain foods need to be limited to ease the work of the kidneys and prevent complications in the future
Hemodialysis or dialysis is a procedure that aims to assist the kidneys in cleaning the blood of substances that are not needed by the body. However, this procedure does not work as optimally as a he althy kidney, so some wastes and fluids may still accumulate in the body. Therefore, hemodialysis patients need to limit their intake of fluids and certain foods.
Hemodialysis and Foods to Limit
Doctors may ask patients to limit certain types of food while they are still undergoing dialysis procedures. Here are some diets or foods that need to be limited while undergoing hemodialysis:
Kidneys that are no longer functioning properly can't get rid of all the fluids that are consumed so that it can cause excess fluid in the body. This condition can burden the heart and lungs.
The doctor or nutritionist will determine how much fluid you can consume each day, including fluids in foods, such as curries, soups, puddings, and ice cream. To reduce fluid in the body, it is recommended that you:
- Avoiding s alty food
- Reduce thirst by eating sugar-free candy or frozen grapes
- Monitoring the amount of fluid consumed using a special drinking container
The next hemodialysis taboo is foods that contain phosphorus. Phosphorus can build up in the blood when the kidneys are not functioning properly. High levels of phosphate can cause itchy skin, bone breakdown, and hardening of the arteries.
Avoid eating foods that contain high amounts of phosphorus, such as red meat, fish, dairy and dairy products, cereals, potatoes, broccoli, bread, chocolate drinks, soda, beer, and wine.
3. Potassium (potassium)
Eating too much potassium when your kidneys are sick can weaken your muscles and affect your heart rate, possibly even causing a heart attack.
Therefore, it is recommended to limit foods that have a high potassium content, such as avocados, oranges, bananas, coconuts, pomegranates, melons, mangoes, tomatoes, dates, sweet potatoes, cereals, nuts, mushrooms, spinach, coffee, chocolate and potatoes.
4. S alt
The last hemodialysis taboo is s alt (sodium). Too much s alt in the body can cause a number of problems, such as swelling, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, and fluid buildup around the heart and lungs.
For that, avoid foods that are high in s alt, such as instant noodles, canned food, cheese, processed meats, and crackers.
On the other hand, you are encouraged to eat foods that contain protein, such as chicken, fish, eggs, and soybeans. The point is to replace protein intake that is wasted when the dialysis process takes place.
If you will or are undergoing the hemodialysis process, you should consult with your doctor regarding the diet that suits your conditions and needs, because the foods that are recommended or need to be limited during hemodialysis can be different for each person.