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Slanted eyes are one of the common physical characteristics that can be used to distinguish one person from another. But who would have thought, slanted eyes could be one indicator of the possibility of certain diseases
The shape of a person's eyes is determined by the upper and lower eyelids. The corner of the eye close to the nose may be covered by skin from the upper eyelid or the epicanthic fold. This fold makes the eyes appear narrower. This is normal in people of Asian descent.
Various Causes of Slanted Eyes
In some cases, slanted eyes can be a sign of certain medical conditions. The following are some conditions or diseases that can cause slanted eyes:
1. Down Syndrome
Down syndrome is a genetic disorder on chromosome 21, which is characterized by physical abnormalities and delayed body growth.
Slanted eyes, small head, ears, and mouth, thick palms and fingers, excess skin on the back of the neck, and a flat face and nose are common physical characteristics of people with this syndrome.
2. Fetal alcohol syndrome (fetal alcohol syndrome)
Fetal alcohol syndrome is a physical, mental, and developmental disorder in babies that occurs as a result of the mother consuming alcoholic beverages during pregnancy. The effect of alcohol can be doubled on the fetus compared to the mother, especially in the first three months of pregnancy.
Babies with this syndrome generally have slanted eyes with large eye folds, a small upper jaw, a small head, and a thinner upper lip. His limb coordination is poor and his muscle mass is shrinking.
The growth and development of babies with this syndrome tends to be slow, both while still in the womb, and after birth. Babies with alcohol syndrome can also suffer from congenital abnormalities in their organs, including the heart, kidneys, bones, and ears.
3. Myasthenia gravis (MG)
M yasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease that attacks nerve and muscle tissue, causing skeletal muscles to not function properly. This occurs because of a disturbance in the transmission of nerve signals to muscle fibers.
One of the clinical signs of MG is drooping eyelids so the eyes look slanted. Patients can also find it difficult to lift objects or walk, have difficulty speaking, have difficulty swallowing and chewing, often feel tired, and experience double vision.
Microphthalmia is an eye development disorder that occurs since the fetus. This disease makes both or one eye small.
In addition to being small, the eye usually has an abnormal anatomy (structure). Patients can experience blindness.This condition can be thought to occur because the baby has an infection or exposure to toxic substances while in the womb.
In some cases, microphthalmia is associated with fetal alcohol syndrome. Microphthalmia can also be caused by genetic disorders.
Ophthalmoplegia is a condition of weakness or paralysis of the eye muscles. The sufferer has difficulty directing his vision or moving his eyelids so that the eyes look slanted.
The muscles of other organs in the patient's body can also become weak. This condition can be inherited (genetic) or arise due to other factors, such as stroke, brain tumor, severe head injury, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, or nerve infection.
Nanophthalmos is a condition in which the eye size is very small due to disturbances in eye development. The cause is a rare genetic disorder. The word 'nano' itself comes from the Greek which means 'small'.
Unlike microphthalmia, which has structural abnormalities, nanophthalmos usually does not have structural abnormalities.
If you are not a normal breed with slanted eyes, consult a doctor if you notice an epicanthic crease on your child's eyelids, or if his eyes appear slanted/small.
Not only in infants, beware of slanted eyes that occur as adults, especially if squinted eyes are accompanied by visual disturbances or difficulty moving the eyes.