Facts About Black Menstrual Blood You Need to Know

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Facts About Black Menstrual Blood You Need to Know
Facts About Black Menstrual Blood You Need to Know

When menstruating, normally the blood that comes out is red. But what if what comes out is black menstrual blood? Should we be worried? See the explanation in this article

Throughout the menstrual cycle, the color and consistency of blood can change. Menstrual blood can be liquid and scanty, but it can also thicken and come out profusely or profusely. Menstrual blood can also be bright red, brown, or dark in color.

Facts About Black Menstrual Blood You Need to Know - Alodokter

Causes of Black Menstrual Blood

Menstrual blood is actually red, but sometimes it can be dark brown or black. In most cases, black or brown menstrual blood is normal.

Black menstrual blood can appear at the beginning or end of the menstrual period. At that time, menstrual blood flow tends not to be heavy. As a result, the blood in the uterus takes longer to leave the body until it changes color from red to black or dark brown.

Black or dark brown menstrual blood can also be old blood, aka blood left over from menstruation in the last month. With black menstrual blood, it means that the body is trying to clean itself.

Brown colored spots or blood can also appear in the middle of the menstrual cycle (when you are not menstruating). It is more common in girls who have just had their period, women who are using contraceptives, or women who are approaching menopause.

When to Worry?

As mentioned above, black menstrual blood is often normal. However, there are some problems that may cause discoloration of menstrual blood, such as:

  • There are objects trapped in the vagina, such as forgotten tampons, sex toys, or contraceptives that can cause infection
  • Implantation bleeding
  • Miscarriage
  • Suffering from pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Suffering from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea or chlamydia
  • Blood of the puerperium
  • Menstrual blood flow from uterus to vagina is blocked
  • Suffering from cervical cancer (rare)

Therefore, it is recommended to immediately seek medical attention if black menstrual bleeding is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Irregular menstruation
  • Blood often comes out outside of menstruation
  • Menstrual cycle less than 24 days or more than 38 days
  • Menstruation lasts more than 7 days
  • The blood that comes out is very heavy and smells bad
  • Vagina feels itchy
  • Vaginal or stomach cramps, pain, fatigue, or fever
  • Haven't had a period in three months or more
  • Already menopausal but started menstruating again

Generally, black menstrual blood is normal. You don't have to worry too much if there is a change in the color of your menstrual blood, but if the change in blood color is accompanied by other symptoms and you are in doubt, please consult a doctor immediately.

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