Recognizing the Causes and Symptoms of Spinal Tuberculosis

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Recognizing the Causes and Symptoms of Spinal Tuberculosis
Recognizing the Causes and Symptoms of Spinal Tuberculosis

Not only in the lungs, TB can also occur in other organs of the body. One of the organs that can be affected by TB is the spine. Recognize the symptoms and causes of spinal tuberculosis in anticipation, so that you can get treatment immediately if you suffer from this disease

TB is a condition caused by the entry of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria into the lungs. In certain conditions, these bacteria actually spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream. If that happens, extrapulmonary TB will appear or TB that occurs outside the lungs

Recognize the Causes and Symptoms of Spinal Tuberculosis - Alodokter

Knowing Spinal TB

The part of the spine that is most often affected by spinal tuberculosis is the middle and lower spine. If the bacteria spreads to the two adjacent vertebrae, the patient may develop an infection in the cushion between the two vertebrae (intervertebral disc).

These pads are basically devoid of blood vessels and are not supplied with nutrients. If the pads are infected, the disc cells will slowly die.

This causes the distance between the two vertebrae to narrow and even stick together. The spine also loses flexibility and is damaged. Someone who experiences this condition will experience stiffness.

When the two vertebrae are close together or stick together, the back of the back looks bent as if something is protruding.

What Causes Spinal Tuberculosis?

As mentioned above, spinal tuberculosis occurs when the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria has spread through the bloodstream.

Risk factors that can increase a person's exposure to spinal tuberculosis include the person being infected with the HIV virus, being malnourished, experiencing a low economic level, and living in an area that is prone to or is experiencing an outbreak of tuberculosis.

What are the Symptoms of Spinal Tuberculosis?

There are several symptoms that can appear when someone is exposed to spinal tuberculosis, including:

  • Back pain in certain parts
  • Body sweating and fever at night
  • Experiencing weight loss or experiencing anorexia
  • Humpback or kyphosis sometimes accompanied by paravertebral swelling
  • Body stiff and tense
  • Nerve disorders appear if your nerves are also disturbed
  • A lump appears in the groin which is often mistaken for a hernia

The above conditions can occur gradually or may not be realized. Try to consult this to your doctor if you or a relative experience any of the above symptoms.

To determine the diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis, the doctor will perform several examinations. For example, by conducting examinations with X-rays, CT scans, MRIs, biopsies, and bone examinations.

Another type of test that may be performed is the erythrocyte sedimentation rate test. Generally, in spinal tuberculosis patients, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate will increase many times.

TBC of the spine can be overcome by taking tuberculosis drugs given by a doctor. In addition, patients also require surgical procedures and chemotherapy.

Immediately see a doctor if you suspect the symptoms you are experiencing lead to spinal tuberculosis. Treatment as early as possible can increase the chances of recovery and prevent the disease from developing into complications.

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