Table of contents:
For most married couples, pregnancy is something to look forward to. However, not all couples can get pregnant naturally. Artificial insemination can be a solution to get offspring
Artificial insemination is a technique of inserting sperm directly into the cervix, fallopian tube (egg canal), or uterus. This technique is done to shorten the path of the sperm to the egg, so that it can bypass any obstacles that may occur and increase the chance of getting pregnant.
One of the most widely used artificial insemination techniques is to insert sperm directly into the uterus or intrauterine insemination (IUI).
Artificial Insemination as a Solution for Infertility
Artificial insemination can be done so that pregnancy occurs quickly, especially in the following conditions of male and female infertility:
- Sperm count is low or sperm can't move too far
- Disorders of ejaculation or erection
- hormonal disorders in women that cause irregular menstruation
- Suffering from endometriosis
- Cervical mucus abnormality that resists and prevents sperm from entering the uterus
- Women have sperm allergy
- Barriers to sexual intercourse, such as physical disability, psychological problems, or pain during sexual intercourse
- Viral infections that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse, such as HIV or hepatitis
- Difficulty getting pregnant for no apparent reason for infertility
Artificial Insemination Procedure Step
The success rate of pregnancy with artificial insemination techniques varies and is not as high as other techniques. However, this procedure has the advantages of being inexpensive, minimal side effects, can be done in a short time, and relatively painless.
For best results, women undergoing this procedure may be asked to lie down for 15-45 minutes. During or after artificial insemination, women may experience abdominal cramps or light bleeding.
Women may also be given fertility drugs one week before ovulation, or depending on fertility problems experienced. The thing to watch out for, the drug increases the chances of giving birth to twins.
For clarity, here is the order of the artificial insemination procedure:
1. Examination of reproductive organs and fertility
The doctor checks the reproductive organs and fertility of each partner to find out what are the possible barriers to a natural pregnancy.
The doctor will check the quality and quantity of sperm in men and check the ability to ovulate in women. After a complete examination, the doctor will recommend techniques that can help the pregnancy occur.
2. Determining ovulation time
Determining the exact time of ovulation is very important because the chances of pregnancy are highest around 24 hours after the release of the egg.
To determine ovulation, ovulation test kits, ultrasound, or blood tests can be used. In addition, additional tests may also be performed, such as basal body temperature, vaginal mucus texture, and cervical tenderness.
3. Insert sperm
Sperm that will be used for artificial insemination procedures can be fresh or washed with special techniques to increase fertility levels. The process of "washing" sperm includes selecting the best quality sperm
The sperm is then placed in a small tube (catheter) and directly inserted into the vagina and cervix, until it finally reaches the uterus.
Pregnancy that will be obtained from artificial insemination is no different from natural pregnancy. For married couples who are expecting a pregnancy, artificial insemination can be done as an alternative procedure that is more affordable and less risky.
However, before deciding to do artificial insemination, you and your partner need to consult a doctor to undergo a complete examination and get the best choice of procedures to deal with fertility problems for both of you.