Table of contents:
- Various Side Effects of Sinovac Vaccines
- Dangerous Side Effects of Sinovac Vaccine
- How to Overcome Sinovac Vaccine Side Effects
Almost all types of vaccines are at risk of side effects, including the Sinovac vaccine. Side effects of the Sinovac vaccine can include fever and pain, swelling, and redness at the injection site. However, these side effects are generally harmless and go away on their own
Just like other COVID-19 vaccines, the side effects of the Sinovac vaccine that often appear are usually mild. The appearance of these side effects is a sign that the body is building immunity against the Corona virus.
However, there are some people who experience no side effects at all after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, including the Sinovac vaccine. This doesn't mean that the vaccine doesn't work effectively, but because everyone's immune system responds differently to the vaccine they receive.
Various Side Effects of Sinovac Vaccines
Side effects of the Sinovac vaccine may vary from person to person. However, there are some side effects of the Sinovac vaccine that are quite common, namely:
1. Pain or swelling at the injection site
Pain at the injection site is a fairly common side effect. This pain is sometimes accompanied by swelling and redness around the injection area or also known as a local reaction.
The pain occurs because the vaccine is injected into the muscle tissue of the arm. However, these side effects are not dangerous and will go away on their own within 2-3 days.
2. Muscle and joint pain
Some people who receive the Sinovac vaccine may also experience muscle and joint pain. When you get a vaccine, your body will stimulate immune cells to increase your immune system by releasing antibodies.
This condition is thought to cause muscle pain, joint pain, and weakness. However, these side effects usually disappear within a few days.
Fever after giving Sinovac vaccine can appear within hours or days after getting the vaccine. The side effects of this vaccine arise due to the body's immune reaction to form immunity against the Corona virus.
This condition is also not dangerous because it can disappear in just a few days. However, sometimes fever can also appear as a result of a reaction to a post-immunization follow-up event (AEFI).
4. Nausea and vomiting
Not only muscle pain, some people who receive the Sinovac vaccine may also experience nausea and vomiting. The appearance of these symptoms is sometimes accompanied by feeling tired and unwell or even lack of appetite.
However, these side effects usually only last for a few days and will go away on their own.
5. Dizziness and headache
Symptoms of dizziness and headache are also one of the side effects that quite often occur after giving Sinovac vaccine. Several reports from WHO and various countries, including Indonesia, state that nearly 40–50% of people who receive the Sinovac vaccine will experience these side effects.
Dangerous Side Effects of Sinovac Vaccine
In addition to the side effects above, the Sinovac vaccine can sometimes cause more severe side effects, namely anaphylaxis or severe allergic reactions.
Symptoms of this condition are characterized by the appearance of a rash all over the body, swollen lips and eyes, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, weakness and paleness, and decreased consciousness.
An anaphylactic reaction is a dangerous condition and requires immediate medical attention. However, the risk of this serious side effect is very small and cases of anaphylaxis after Sinovac vaccine are also very rare.
According to information from the Indonesian Ministry of He alth, there have been no reports of serious side effects or deaths from the Sinovac vaccine in Indonesia. Globally, severe allergy after vaccination is only 1 case per 1 million vaccinations.
Even so, you are still asked to wait for 15–30 minutes after receiving the Sinovac vaccine to monitor whether there are severe allergic complaints. If severe allergy symptoms occur after vaccination, immediately report to the he alth officer where you are receiving the vaccination.
How to Overcome Sinovac Vaccine Side Effects
Although some of the side effects of the Sinovac vaccine are mild and can heal on their own, the symptoms that appear often interfere with activities.
The following are some tips that you can do to reduce the side effects of the Sinovac vaccine:
- Give a cold compress at the vaccine injection site or on the arm that hurts for 15 minutes
- Using warm water when bathing to relieve fever
- Consuming food regularly and drinking lots of water
- Take painkillers, such as paracetamol, as recommended by the doctor
- Get enough rest by meeting the ideal sleep time, at least for 7–9 hours every night
Regardless of the type of vaccine, vaccination is considered the most appropriate solution to break the chain of transmission of COVID-19. Therefore, if you have not received the COVID-19 vaccine, immediately register yourself at the nearest he alth center or vaccination provider.
Not only for adults, the Sinovac vaccine can also be given to children aged 6–17 years in Indonesia. Sinovac vaccine for children is given in 2 doses and a gap of 1 month.
In addition, if you currently have certain comorbid conditions or diseases, such as autoimmune disease, heart disease, hypertension, kidney disease, cancer, HIV/AIDS, or diabetes, you should consult your doctor first to make sure safety of vaccination against body condition.
If you still have questions regarding vaccination or you may feel the side effects of the Sinovac vaccine that don't go away and are getting worse despite doing the above methods, please consult a doctor immediately so that the right treatment can be done.