Table of contents:
- How Does the COVID-19 Virus Cause Blood Coagulation?
- Knowing D-dimer in COVID-19 Patients
- How to Overcome Blood Coagulation due to COVID-19
The symptoms commonly shown by the COVID-19 virus infection are coughing and shortness of breath. However, it has recently been discovered that people with COVID-19 can experience blood clots or coagulation. How can this Corona virus infection affect the blood clotting process?
Research related to the short-term impact and infection of the COVID-19 virus on he alth, including blood coagulation, continues to be carried out. Several studies have shown that COVID-19 infection can cause more serious he alth problems. One of them is a blood clot or blood clot.
This blood clot can become a barrier for oxygen-rich blood to various important organs in the body, including the lungs and brain. In addition to the lungs, blood coagulation in patients with COVID-19 can also appear in the legs as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
How Does the COVID-19 Virus Cause Blood Coagulation?
When there is a wound, a blood clot will form and help stop the bleeding. These blood clots can clog the wound, thus helping the recovery process.
However, sometimes blood clots can form without injury or occur within the blood vessels. This condition is dangerous because blood clots can restrict blood flow which eventually lead to complications, such as stroke and heart attack.
Blood coagulation can also be experienced by people with COVID-19. This is reinforced by the finding that people with COVID-19 can experience complications related to blood clotting.
Although it is not known for certain, there are several factors that are thought to increase the risk of people with COVID-19 experiencing blood clots.
Several studies have revealed that the way the Corona virus infects a person's body can trigger inflammation in blood vessels, causing blood clots to form.
In addition, blood coagulation is also thought to occur due to an overactive immune system response to fighting viruses that enter the body, thereby increasing the activity of cells that are important in starting the clotting process. Therefore, this poses a risk of increasing blood coagulation in patients with COVID-19.
Other research has found that people with certain medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity, are more at risk of developing blood clots if they are infected with the virus that causes COVID-19.
Knowing D-dimer in COVID-19 Patients
The process of blood coagulation can occur due to various things, including due to Corona virus infection.Corona virus infection causes systemic inflammation and a cytokine storm in COVID-19 sufferers. Both of these can cause blood clotting disorders that increase D-dimer levels.
D-dimer is part of the protein that helps the process of clotting or blood clotting. If D-dimer levels continue to increase in patients with COVID-19, the risk of experiencing blockages due to blood clots is also higher.
Initially, D-dimer levels in patients with COVID-19 were not included in the routine tests that needed to be carried out, so fatal cases were often found. Therefore, now the D-dimer level test is recommended for people with COVID-19, especially those who show severe symptoms, are elderly, pregnant women, and have co-morbidities.
D-dimer test is done by taking blood samples from COVID-19 sufferers. The maximum level of D-dimer is 500 ng/ml. If the level of D-dimer exceeds the normal limit, the patient needs to be treated quickly and appropriately to prevent complications due to blockage of blood vessels in important organs, including the lungs.
How to Overcome Blood Coagulation due to COVID-19
Currently, D-dimer levels are an indicator of the severity of COVID-19 sufferers. If the level of D-dimer exceeds the normal limit, the doctor may prescribe blood-thinning drugs (anticoagulants). This drug will dissolve blood clots caused by inflammation in patients with COVID-19.
Keep in mind that blood thinning drugs must be taken according to a doctor's prescription. Proper administration according to a doctor's prescription can normalize D-dimer levels and prevent complications due to COVID-19.
Although further research is still needed, anticoagulant drugs can treat severe pneumonia due to Corona virus infection and COVID-19 patients with high D-dimer levels.
To prevent the chain of transmission of COVID-19, make sure you always comply with the applicable he alth protocols, namely washing your hands, wearing a double mask, always keeping your distance, and avoiding crowds.
If you still have questions regarding blood coagulation due to COVID-19 or D-dimer, you can consult a doctor via chat on the ALODOKTER application. You also make an appointment with a doctor at the hospital if you need an in-person examination.