Recognizing the Dangers of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It

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Recognizing the Dangers of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It
Recognizing the Dangers of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It
Anonim

As a parent, you must be worried if your little one has he alth problems, including pneumonia. Therefore, preventive measures need to be taken to protect pneumonia in children. One of them is by giving the PCV vaccine

A study stated that there were around 1,601 cases of acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children within a period of 12 months in Yogyakarta. Of the 1,601 cases, 96 of them were pneumonia and 7 cases were classified as severe pneumonia.

Recognize the Dangers of Pneumonia in Children and How to Prevent It - Alodokter

The two diseases are reported to mostly attack children under 2 months of age. There are several factors that can make a child susceptible to pneumonia, including frequent inhalation of cigarette smoke or being passive smokers and not getting complete immunizations.

PCV Vaccine for Pneumonia

When a new baby is born, it is protected from bacterial and viral infections because it still has antibodies from its mother. However, these antibodies only last for a few months. After the number of antibodies is reduced, the bodies of infants and children will be more susceptible to infections, including pneumonia.

Pneumonia can be caused by infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) bacteria.

To prevent children from getting this bacterial infection, parents are recommended to take their children to the nearest vaccine clinic or hospital to get the PCV (pneumococcal conjugate vaccine) vaccine when the child is 7-12 months old.

The vaccine is given at an early age because the immune system of children at that age is not perfect and not strong enough to fight infection.

PCV vaccine is given 4 times, namely when children are 2, 4, and 6 months old, and with repeat or booster vaccines at 12-15 months of age. However, for children who have never received the PCV vaccine, the vaccination schedule recommended by the Indonesian Pediatric Association is as follows:

  • For children aged 7–12 months, the vaccine is given 2 times with a distance of 1–2 months. Furthermore, the booster vaccine is given after the child is 12 months old with a distance of at least 2 months from the previous vaccine.
  • For children aged 1–2 years, the PCV vaccine is given 2 times with a distance of 2 months.
  • For children aged 2–5 years, the types of vaccines used are PCV10 and PCV13 vaccines. The PCV10 vaccine is given 2 times with a minimum interval of 2 months, while the PCV13 vaccine is given 1 time.

Giving the PCV vaccine is very important, not only to prevent pneumonia in your child, but also to protect other children who have not received the vaccine. Thus, the number of pneumonia cases in children can be reduced.

To find out the schedule for giving the pneumonia vaccine according to your child's age and condition, consult a doctor. Let's prevent pneumonia in children by giving the PCV vaccine to your child according to the doctor's advice.

Supported by Pfizer

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