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Diarrhea in children is a condition that cannot be taken lightly because it can lead to complications, so prompt treatment is needed so that the condition does not worsen. Therefore, parents need to really understand this condition and know what to do when their child has diarrhea
Not different from diarrhea in general, diarrhea in children is also characterized by more frequent bowel movements and watery stools. There are times when children with diarrhea also experience nausea, vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, and their body feels weak.
Unclean environmental conditions, habit of not washing hands, and consumption of food or drink contaminated with viruses, bacteria, or parasites are some of the things that play a role in causing children to get diarrhea.
Other conditions, such as allergies, food intolerances, poisoning, and indigestion can also cause diarrhea in children.
Steps to Overcome Diarrhea in Children
Mild diarrhea that occurs in children usually does not last long and can be treated at home. However, it is important to monitor the child's condition closely to ensure that his condition does not worsen.
Well, there are several steps you can take when your little one shows signs of diarrhea, namely:
1. Watch your fluid intake to prevent dehydration
One of the important things in dealing with diarrhea in children is replacing body fluids lost due to frequent bowel movements and vomiting. This needs to be done so that the child avoids dehydration. Please note that dehydration in children is a complication of diarrhea that should be watched out for.
For babies with diarrhea, give breast milk more often than usual. If you usually breastfeed every 2 hours, now give breast milk every hour according to your little one's needs. This is important to do so that their nutritional needs are maintained and prevent them from being dehydrated.
For children, it is important to give him oral rehydration fluids, such as ORS. This is because giving only plain water without sugar or electrolyte content cannot be said to be an ideal intake.
ORS consists of a mixture of water with sugar and s alt that serves to replace sugar, electrolytes, and other important minerals lost due to diarrhea in children.
2. Anticipate malnutrition with he althy food
Mothers are encouraged to continue to give their little ones food as usual. Give food in small portions, but more often if your little one can finish it.
Even so, you also have to be careful about giving food or drink, because some of them can make diarrhea last longer. An example is milk. Some children may have lactose intolerance or a milk allergy. If given milk, diarrhea will get worse.
The choice of food that can be given is food that can be digested easily by the child's body, such as white rice, bananas, and chicken stew. Avoid giving food that contains too much fat, sugar, or spicy food.
Avoid insoluble fiber foods, such as tomatoes, celery, cucumber, spinach, broccoli, beans, carrots, and whole grains. These types of foods can actually cause diarrhea in children to get worse.
3. Don't give medicine first and know when to go to the doctor
Avoid giving your little one anti-diarrhea medicine before consulting a pediatrician. Mothers are advised to immediately consult a doctor if diarrhea lasts more than 3 days and is accompanied by the following symptoms or signs:
- Looks weak or inactive
- No tears when crying
- Loss of consciousness or sleeping more often and difficult to wake up
- Not urinating for 6 hours
- Eyes look sunken
- Shortness of breath or rapid and deep breathing
- Accompanied by vomiting mixed with blood or yellow/green liquid
- High fever
- Rash appears on the body
- The presence of blood in the stool
If your little one has diarrhea, you have to make sure that they are not dehydrated or dehydrated. Dehydration is one of the complications of diarrhea in children that can increase the risk of brain damage, seizures, and even death.
If diarrhea does not improve after home treatment or it worsens and the above signs appear, immediately take the child to the nearest doctor or hospital for further treatment.