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Disorder of stomach acid in infants is most often characterized by vomiting and several other symptoms. Although generally harmless, this condition has the potential to cause complications, even to the point of interfering with your little one's development
Babies vomiting, especially after feeding, is normal. This does not require special handling. However, if the baby vomits accompanied by fussiness, shortness of breath, does not gain weight, until his growth is disrupted, there is a possibility that he has stomach acid disorders.
Vomiting due to Stomach Acid in Babies
If the baby vomits too often, especially after eating, this complaint needs to be checked by a doctor. If you experience these symptoms, your baby may have gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
Stomach acid disease occurs when the ring of muscle that functions as a valve separating the lower esophagus from the stomach does not function optimally, so that stomach acid and food from the stomach return to the esophagus.
In infants and children, acid reflux generally occurs because the function of the muscle ring is not yet fully developed. The good news is that the valve will function perfectly when the baby is around 4-5 months to one year old, so that the vomiting experienced by the baby will stop.
Babies experiencing GERD can also occur because the size of the stomach is still small, so it is easy to fill up completely. In addition to frequent vomiting, several other symptoms that indicate stomach acid disorders in infants include.
- The baby's back looks curved and there is abnormal movement of the neck and chin.
- The baby is fussy or often refuses to suckle or eat, because he feels uncomfortable sensations in the chest.
- Baby cries during or after feeding or eating.
- Babies often cough and last quite a while.
- Babies experience respiratory problems, such as choking, coughing, wheezing or wheezing, to shortness of breath. If left untreated, this respiratory disorder can lead to pneumonia.
- Babies have impaired growth and development because they don't get enough nutrients they need.
- Baby has colic.
Overcoming Stomach Acid in Babies
It is important to immediately check the baby to the pediatrician if he often vomits accompanied by symptoms of GERD. To determine the diagnosis, the doctor will conduct questions and answers with parents or caregivers, as well as look at the he alth history and perform a physical examination on the baby.
The doctor may order additional tests to confirm GERD, such as an upper GI endoscopy or an abdominal X-ray with or without a barium enema.
After confirming the condition of the stomach acid in the baby, generally the doctor will give drugs to reduce gas in the stomach, as well as drugs that will reduce stomach acid levels in the baby.
However, several studies have shown that it is possible that the use of stomach acid-lowering drugs can not completely reduce the occurrence of reflux in infants. Giving drugs must be very careful, because there is a possibility that it will cause side effects on the baby.
In addition to drugs, in some cases surgery may be needed to treat GERD. Although it is considered effective, surgery is rarely performed considering the risks to the baby.
Preventing Gastric Acid in Babies
To help prevent vomiting due to stomach acid disorders in babies, it's a good idea to try some things that can help the baby feel comfortable. For example, giving extra pillows so that the baby's head is slightly higher and adjusts the feeding schedule.In addition, it is also possible to try to burp the baby and hold the baby in an upright position about 30 minutes after feeding or eating. Make sure there is no excessive pressure around the stomach while doing this.
For babies who can already eat solid food, give a denser texture in smaller but frequent portions.
Although it is normal for babies to vomit frequently, this still needs attention, especially if vomiting occurs excessively or is accompanied by other symptoms, such as vomiting with blood or signs of dehydration have appeared. If this is the case, consult your pediatrician immediately for treatment.