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Babies often vomit is actually quite normal, especially if the baby is only a few weeks old. This is because the baby's stomach is still adjusting to the portion of breast milk or formula that is drunk. But apparently, digestive problems are not the only cause of frequent vomiting
Vomiting in babies is a condition where the contents of the stomach spontaneously come out. When this happens, babies tend to be fussy. Vomiting that just comes out, usually after breastfeeding, is generally caused by the baby's stomach not being able to accommodate the incoming food.
Various Causes of Babies Frequent Vomiting
There are various reasons why babies often vomit, ranging from normal to those that need to be watched out for. Here is the explanation:
1. Eat or drink too much and too fast
As previously mentioned, the size of a small baby's stomach needs adjustment to the portion of milk or food. Babies need to be burped so that the incoming food can fit in the stomach. Forcing a baby to eat too much too quickly can make the baby vomit.
2. Has gag reflex
Babies with a sensitive gag reflex will tend to throw up drugs or foods that they don't like. In this case, the baby will vomit the food right after swallowing it.
3. Having stomach acid disease
Stomach acid disease in babies occurs because the muscle circle between the esophagus and stomach is still developing. Acid reflux disease can cause food from the stomach to back up into the esophagus, and can also cause hiccups.
Sometimes food that goes back into the esophagus goes a little into the throat, so the little one coughs.
4. Having indigestion
Babies often vomit suddenly accompanied by diarrhea, which can indicate gastroenteritis. This condition is often caused by a viral infection, although sometimes it is caused by bacteria and parasites.
5. Allergy to milk or food
If your baby often vomits, especially after breastfeeding, you need to suspect that he has a protein allergy, both in breast milk and formula. This condition arises because the baby's immune system overreacts to the protein in the milk he drinks.
If you suspect that your baby has a milk allergy, please consult your pediatrician immediately to choose the right milk substitute.
6. Milk or food intolerance
Due to the similarity of symptoms, clinically it is difficult to distinguish whether vomiting in infants is caused by allergy or milk intolerance.
But one thing that can be confirmed is that this condition occurs because babies have difficulty digesting lactose found in cow's milk because babies do not have enough digestive enzymes to digest lactose.
7. Pyloric Stenosis
Pyloric stenosis occurs due to thickening of the muscle that controls the valve that leads from the stomach to the intestine. This prevents food and milk from flowing into the intestines, so that they remain stuck in the stomach or even go up into the esophagus.
This condition usually occurs within 30 minutes after eating. This condition is generally experienced by babies aged around 6 weeks, but can also occur anytime before the age of 3 months.
Because this condition can lead to other he alth problems, such as dehydration and malnutrition, your baby needs to be treated by a doctor as soon as possible.
8. Have a serious illness
Babies often vomit, especially after breastfeeding, it is a natural thing. But that doesn't mean parents can ignore this condition, because vomiting can also be a symptom of meningitis, urinary tract infection, or appendicitis.
Symptoms that accompany vomiting that need to be watched out for in babies are fever, weakness, not wanting to drink, or shortness of breath.
How to Overcome Babies Frequent Vomiting
The way to deal with a baby's frequent vomiting, especially vomiting after eating or breastfeeding, is simply to help him burp. To do this, hold the baby in an upright position 30 minutes after eating.
To burp the baby, place the baby on your chest, so that his chin rests on your shoulder. Support his head with your other hand and gently pat your little one on the back.
Besides that, you can also do the methods below, according to the cause of the baby vomiting often:
- Feed your little one with food slowly, when they start solids.
- If vomiting is accompanied by diarrhea, replace lost fluids by giving ORS. However, giving this ORS should be on doctor's instructions. Before consulting the doctor, breastfeed your baby as usual.
- If your baby often vomits after being fed formula, you can switch to a soy-based formula (soy milk) or a special formula that doesn't contain lactose. However, soy milk should not be given to babies younger than 6 months old or without a doctor's supervision.
- If your little one is diagnosed with pyloric stenosis, this condition can be treated with surgery.
Some conditions to watch out for in cases of frequent vomiting of babies are vomiting blood, vomiting yellow or green, vomiting accompanied by coughing or choking, vomiting accompanied by high fever, and vomiting that occurs continuously for 24 hours.
If the baby experiences any of the above conditions, you should immediately take him to the nearest emergency room. You should also immediately check your little one to the pediatrician, if the weight doesn't go up or it goes down because the baby often vomits.