Table of contents:
An abscess is a collection of pus in one area of a certain body part. Almost all abscesses cause inflammation and swelling in the surrounding area
An abscess is a natural reaction of the body due to the resistance of the immune system to an infection that attacks certain tissues. The resistance of the immune system is represented by white blood cells. These cells will move through the walls of blood vessels and collect in the damaged tissue.
This process will then produce a liquid that we usually call pus. The pus that results from this resistance process consists of living or dead white blood cells, dead tissue, bacteria, or other foreign objects.
Some bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes, have the ability to form toxins that can damage body tissues and interfere with human he alth. Therefore, this group of bacteria is able to produce more pus than other bacteria.
Where Do Abscesses Form?
Many people suspect that an abscess aka a collection of pus can only occur in the skin area. In fact, pus can also form on the inside of the body. Here are some locations where abscesses form:
Under the skin
Indeed, most abscesses form under the skin. The most common example of this type of abscess is a boil, which is an infection in the root or hair follicle which then develops into a small abscess in that area.
Symptoms of concentrated pus on the skin are usually swelling. In addition, abscesses can also cause redness of the skin in the infected area, feel painful, and feel warm.
Abscess can also form in a person's body, both in the organs and in the spaces between organs. To determine the presence of an abscess in the body, examinations can be done by scanning, such as ultrasound (USG), CT scan, and MRI.
An example of this type of abscess is a liver abscess, which can appear when the liver is infected.
Some Kinds of Abscess You Need to Know
The following are some of the most important types of abscesses that you should know about:
1. Anal abscess
Anal abscess occurs due to a buildup of pus near the anus. This type of abscess usually occurs due to an infection in the small anal glands.
Other possible causes are the presence of a blocked and inflamed anal gland and the presence of sexually transmitted diseases. Anal abscess can also be caused by an infected wound in the anus.
The symptoms that arise from this abscess are painful swelling and pus like boils. To the touch, the affected area will feel warm and may also appear reddish. Some types of abscess can also occur in the deeper anal tissue, although this is rare.
2. Bartholin's Abscess
This type of abscess is a concentration of pus in the Bartholin's glands, which are on each side of the vaginal entrance. When this gland is blocked, usually a cyst will form.
Pus appears as a result of an infected cyst. Accumulation of pus will cause pain in the area.
Bartholin's abscess is generally caused by E. Coli bacteria. In addition, bacteria that cause sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, are also thought to play a role in the formation of this type of abscess.
3. Brain abscess
Although rare, abscesses can also occur in the human brain. This condition is characterized by symptoms of headaches that are unbearable and cannot be cured with ordinary painkillers.
Other symptoms that may appear are changes in mental condition, decreased consciousness, paralysis, seizures, and high fever.
The cause of a brain abscess is bacteria or fungi that enter the brain tissue, usually through an infection that occurs around the head, such as sinusitis, tooth abscess, or ear infection. Pneumonia and severe head injuries can also be the cause.
4. Tooth abscess
Abscess can also occur in the tooth which is characterized by severe throbbing pain around the tooth. The pain that comes on usually happens suddenly and gets worse over the next few hours or days.
Tooth abscess will cause teeth to become more sensitive, bad breath, swollen face and gums, and difficulty chewing.
This abscess is caused by bacteria that gather in the mouth due to not regularly cleaning the teeth and mouth. It can also be caused by consuming too much sugar and foods that contain carbohydrates.
5. Peritonsillar abscess
This abscess is also known as a Quinsy abscess which is a complication of tonsillitis or tonsillitis. This abscess itself is actually rare, but can be a serious condition.
Some of the symptoms that accompany this abscess are pain due to swelling in the mouth and throat, difficulty opening the mouth, pain when swallowing, and difficulty speaking.
In addition, other symptoms that may arise are fever, bad breath, earache in the infected area, headache, and difficulty breathing.
6. Spinal nerve abscess
This abscess is very rare and can be life threatening for the sufferer. Usually, spinal cord abscess is a complication of an epidural abscess.
The most common cause of spinal cord abscess is Staphylococcus bacteria infection. In the past, this condition was mostly caused by bacteria that cause tuberculosis (tuberculosis). Although rare, this type of abscess can also be caused by fungi.
7. Liver abscess
Other internal organs that can be affected by abscesses are the liver or liver. The first is an amoebic liver abscess. This type of abscess is caused by the intestinal parasite Entamoeba histolytica. If a person's intestines are infected by this parasite, the parasites can be carried by the blood to the liver and cause an abscess.
The symptoms of a liver abscess are pain that persists and feels stabbing in the abdomen, especially the right or upper part. Other symptoms are cough, fever, restlessness, decreased appetite, excessive sweating, and weight loss.
Another liver abscess that can occur is a pyogenic liver abscess. Inflammation of the bile ducts is the most common cause of pyogenic liver abscess.
Some of the symptoms that arise due to a pyogenic liver abscess include hard and white stools, and dark urine. Generally, patients will feel abdominal pain in the upper right. Fever, no appetite, nausea, vomiting, weakness, yellow skin, and drastic weight loss can also be experienced by sufferers.
The condition of the abscess is at risk of worsening if it is not treated by a doctor immediately. Given that abscesses can appear anywhere on the body, we should be more careful about this.
To prevent fatal complications from abscesses, contact your doctor immediately for proper examination and treatment.