Knowing Pneumonia in Adults and Its Prevention

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Knowing Pneumonia in Adults and Its Prevention
Knowing Pneumonia in Adults and Its Prevention

Pneumonia or pneumonia can be experienced by anyone, especially people with weak immune systems. To prevent this, it is necessary to vaccinate with the PCV vaccine

Pneumonia is caused by infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. These bacteria usually live in the upper respiratory tract and can be spread through splashes of saliva or phlegm when someone with pneumonia coughs.

Getting to Know Pneumonia in Adults and Its Prevention - Alodokter

This disease is more common in adults aged 55–65 years. This is caused by the weakening of the body's immune system with age. Therefore, every parent needs to be vaccinated to protect themselves from pneumococcal pneumonia.

Pneumonia Symptoms

Pneumonia symptoms can appear suddenly or slowly and last for weeks or more. The symptoms are as follows:

  • High fever
  • Coldness or chills
  • Excessive sweat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • chest pain
  • Cough with phlegm or mixed with blood
  • Fatigue and muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting

In severe cases, pneumonia can cause the sufferer to be treated in the intensive care room (ICU) of the hospital and use a ventilator as a breathing apparatus.

Risk of Pneumonia in Adults

The risk of pneumonia in adults is also higher if they have the following conditions:

  • Diseases that cause decreased immunity, such as diabetes mellitus, Human Immunodeficiancy Virus (HIV) infection, and cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Chronic heart, lung, kidney or liver disease
  • Cochlear Implant
  • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, which is the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord
  • Alcohol addiction
  • Smoking habit

Pneumonia Prevention in Adults

The risk of pneumonia infection in adults can be reduced by giving the pneumococcal vaccine or the PCV vaccine (pneumococcal conjugate vaccine). In he althy adults, PCV vaccination is performed once.

This is needed to re-stimulate the immune response of the immune system which will decline over time.

If you are over 50 years old or have a condition that can increase your risk of developing pneumonia, consult your doctor to find out whether you need to get the PCV vaccine and when it can be vaccinated.

Supported by Pfizer

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