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Scalp disease is a common condition. Although most are not contagious and relatively mild, this condition can make sufferers feel disturbed. Come on, identify various problems on the scalp and their symptoms
Complaints of itching, scaly, and redness of the scalp can be a sign of a scalp disease that is being suffered.
This condition rarely causes serious complications, but treatment steps still need to be taken to prevent the condition from worsening. Especially, if scalp disease has interfered with your daily activities.
Some Scalp Diseases You Need to Know
There are several types of common scalp diseases that you need to know about, including:
Dandruff is a common scalp disease, especially if someone doesn't keep their hair clean. In addition, dandruff can also be caused by several conditions, such as a weak immune system, cold weather, and excess oil production on the scalp.
Although not a dangerous and contagious condition, dandruff can interfere with appearance. However, you don't need to worry because dandruff can usually be treated with an anti-dandruff shampoo that contains zinc pyrithione or ketoconazole.
You can also use natural ingredients, such as tea tree oil and coconut oil, to treat dandruff.
2. Seborrheic dermatitis
Scalp disease due to seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by symptoms of scaly scalp, dandruff, redness, and itching. experienced can also worsen when the sufferer is under stress.
The cause of seborrheic dermatitis is not known for certain. However, this condition is thought to arise due to the growth of the Malassezia fungus due to excess oil production on the scalp.
Seborrheic dermatitis can usually be treated with over-the-counter dandruff shampoos. However, treatment from a doctor will be needed if this scalp disease does not improve after using this type of shampoo.
Psoriasis on the scalp can occur due to immune system disorders that make skin cells grow faster than they should. This condition is characterized by scaly scalp, easy to peel, and sometimes itchy.
Scalp with psoriasis can be treated in various ways, from using shampoo, topical ointments, to light therapy. However, the treatment method is generally adjusted according to the severity.
4. Lichen planus
Another type of scalp disease that can be caused by an immune system disorder is lichen planus.
In addition, there are several other factors that can trigger a person to get lichen planus, namely suffering from hepatitis C and taking certain drugs, including drugs for high blood pressure or malaria.
The symptoms of lichen planus can be the appearance of small red bumps and irritation. In some cases, the hair of people with lichen planus will experience hair loss and begin to thin.
To prevent permanent hair loss due to this scalp disease, the doctor will prescribe medication, both oral and topical.
Folliculitis can occur anywhere on the body that has hair, including the scalp. This scalp disease occurs due to inflammation caused by bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections.
The symptoms shown by folliculitis include the appearance of red spots on the part of the skin covered with hair and accompanied by pain or itching.
This scalp disease can be treated by using warm compresses to relieve itching, to antibiotics and antifungals prescribed by doctors for severe conditions.
6. Tinea capitis
Tinea capitis or ringworm is a fungal infection that attacks the scalp. This condition is characterized by red or white patches that feel itchy and accompanied by hair loss.
The fungus that causes tinea capitis can be easily spread, especially in school-age children, through items that are shared with sufferers, such as combs, hair bands, and hats. This condition can usually be treated using an antifungal shampoo as prescribed by your doctor.
7. Alopecia areata
Alopecia areata can cause hair loss and even baldness. This scalp disease is caused by an immune system disorder and can affect both women and men.
Before experiencing hair loss, people with alopecia areata may experience several symptoms, such as tingling, itching, and burning sensations on the scalp.
Alopecia areata usually goes away on its own. However, some additional treatments, such as giving oral medications, ointments, or local injections by doctors are often given to speed up the healing process.
Although scalp diseases can generally be treated at home. However, some scalp diseases still require medical treatment to get maximum results.
Therefore, you are advised to consult a doctor if you experience symptoms of scalp diseases, such as dandruff that doesn't go away, your scalp feels very itchy, or it interferes with your daily activities.