Don't Get Too Much or Lack of Thyroid Hormones

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Don't Get Too Much or Lack of Thyroid Hormones
Don't Get Too Much or Lack of Thyroid Hormones

Thyroid hormone is one of the important hormones in the body. Because of its important role for the body, the production of too little or too much thyroid hormone will have a direct impact on the he alth of the body in general.

Thyroid hormone is produced by the thyroid gland, which is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the middle of the front of the neck. There are three hormones produced and released by the thyroid gland, namely thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin.

Don't Get Too Much or Lack of Thyroid Hormones - Alodokter

Thyroid hormone plays a role in metabolic processes and its presence affects every cell and tissue of the body. Therefore, the production must always be maintained and not to excess or even shortage, because it can trigger various he alth problems.

Tyroid Hormone Function

Previously it was mentioned that thyroid hormone plays a role in metabolic processes in the body. In addition, this hormone also has various other functions, namely:

  • Controlling the speed of the body when processing food in the digestive system
  • Set rhythm and heart rate and blood pressure
  • Raise or lower body temperature
  • Controlling the speed of the body in reproducing cells
  • Helps growth in children
  • Optimizing brain growth, especially in children
  • Activating the nervous system to increase focus and reflex speed of the body

In general, excessive thyroid hormone production will make everything in the body run faster than it should. Likewise, if the thyroid hormone is produced in too little quantity. As a result, the metabolic process will take place slowly and have an impact on the disruption of various body functions.

To be able to work optimally, thyroid hormone requires a stimulus from the pituitary or pituitary gland. This gland in the brain produces, stores, and releases thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) or a trigger for thyroid hormone production.

The amount of TSH is one of the markers of high or low thyroid hormone in the body.

The Impact of Excess Thyroid Hormones

Because the role of thyroid hormone is very important for the body, maintaining its production and balance is very important. One condition that can affect thyroid hormones is hyperthyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition when the thyroid gland is too active to produce hormones, so that thyroid hormone levels in the blood become very high. This condition causes the body's metabolic processes to take place faster and cause several symptoms, such as:

  • Weight loss
  • Shaking or tremor
  • Hair loss
  • Nervous or restless
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • The body sweats excessively
  • Sensitive or can't stand the heat
  • Anxiety and insomnia
  • Easy to get tired
  • Heart rate goes fast

The Impact of Thyroid Hormone Deficiency

On the other hand, too little thyroid hormone is also not good for the body. This condition is also known as hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition when the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough thyroid hormone.

In addition to disrupting metabolic processes, this condition also affects body temperature and heart rate. Sufferers will also experience symptoms that include:

  • Slow body metabolism
  • Easy to gain weight
  • Easy to get tired
  • Memory crash
  • Difficulty defecating or constipation
  • Sensitive or not resistant to cold air
  • Heart rate is slower than normal condition
  • Skin feels dry
  • Hoarse voice
  • Dry hair and break easily
  • Depression

The symptoms of this thyroid disorder can resemble other diseases. In women, thyroid hormone excess or deficiency can also affect the menstrual cycle.

If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms of excess or deficiency of thyroid hormone, consult your doctor immediately for a thyroid examination.Given its vital function for the body, thyroid hormone disorders cannot be underestimated and need to be addressed immediately.

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