Stomach Cramps During Pregnancy, Recognize the Causes and How to Overcome Them

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Stomach Cramps During Pregnancy, Recognize the Causes and How to Overcome Them
Stomach Cramps During Pregnancy, Recognize the Causes and How to Overcome Them

Stomach cramps during pregnancy are common during pregnancy. This complaint can be caused by various things and can be resolved in an easy way. Even so, pregnant women should not take stomach cramps for granted, because they can be a sign of complications in pregnancy

Various changes will be experienced by every pregnant woman with increasing gestational age. Various complaints also often appear, such as easily tired, difficulty sleeping, to a decrease in sex drive.

Stomach Cramps During Pregnancy, Recognize the Causes and How to Overcome Them - Alodokter

Well, one of the common complaints during pregnancy is stomach cramps. This complaint will usually be more common in the last trimester of pregnancy.

Causes of Stomach Cramps During Pregnancy

There are several causes of stomach cramps during pregnancy that every pregnant woman needs to know. Here are the causes:

1. Changes in the size of the uterus

As the gestational age increases, the size of the uterus will adjust to the development of the growing fetus.

To support the development of the uterus, the connective tissue or ligaments that connect the pelvic bones and uterus will stretch, so that the uterus feels tight and triggers abdominal cramps.

2. Pressure on muscles, joints and blood vessels

The bigger the stomach, the more pressure it puts on the muscles, joints, and blood vessels. This condition will make pregnant women easily tired and experience excessive pain in the stomach when sitting or standing for too long.

3. Changes in the position of the uterus

When the fetus grows, the position of the uterus tends to tilt to the right or to the left. This condition can make the ligaments that support the sides of the uterus tighten or contract, thus allowing pregnant women to feel cramps in the abdomen more often.

4. Excess gas

The increase in the hormone progesterone causes the muscles of the digestive tract to relax and slow down when digesting food. The longer food stays in the large intestine, the more gas it produces.

Sometimes, the gas not only causes discomfort in the stomach, but can also radiate to the back and chest.

5. After sex

Having sex and having an orgasm can cause stomach cramps during pregnancy, which is often followed by mild back pain. This happens because the vagina and uterus experience a throbbing sensation during orgasm and leave a feeling of abdominal cramping afterward.

In addition to the causes above, abdominal cramps during pregnancy can also be caused by other he alth problems, such as kidney stones, ovarian cysts, appendicitis, or urinary tract infections.

How to Overcome Stomach Cramps During Pregnancy

Although it is normal, stomach cramps during pregnancy can cause discomfort. To overcome this, there are several ways that pregnant women can do, namely:

  • Sit or lie down when stomach cramps occur and avoid sudden movements.
  • Drink enough water, because stomach cramps can be a sign that pregnant women are dehydrated.
  • Move your body or do light exercise if stomach cramps during pregnancy occur due to excess gas in the digestive tract. Also avoid consuming foods and drinks that produce excess gas, such as beans, cabbage, and soft drinks.
  • Try a warm bath if stomach cramps during pregnancy occur after sex.
  • Use a pregnancy belt to support the stomach to prevent peur cramps. But make sure you don't use it too strictly.

Stomach cramps during pregnancy, especially in the last trimester of pregnancy, can be caused by false contractions. If this happens, lie down to relieve the pain. If the pain is felt on the left side, lie down to the right or vice versa.

Complaints of Stomach Cramps to Watch Out for

Although it is usually not a sign of a dangerous condition, it does not mean that stomach cramps during pregnancy can be taken lightly.

There are several symptoms that accompany abdominal cramps and pregnant women should be aware of, such as pain when urinating, stomach cramps that feel very heavy and don't go away, discharge or blood from the vagina, vomiting, fever, and chills.

Stomach cramps accompanied by these signs are an emergency and need to be examined and treated by a doctor as soon as possible. Therefore, although stomach cramps during pregnancy are common, don't take this complaint lightly.

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