Choice of Menstrual Pain Drugs that are Safe to Consume

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Choice of Menstrual Pain Drugs that are Safe to Consume
Choice of Menstrual Pain Drugs that are Safe to Consume

Menstrual pain medication is commonly consumed by women who often experience unbearable menstrual pain. There are various medications for menstrual pain. Each of these drugs has different side effects and ways of working

Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea is a complaint of pain or cramps in the lower abdomen that can appear when a woman is menstruating or a few days before.

Choice of Menstrual Pain Medications that are Safe to Consume - Alodokter

Menstrual pain that appears can be mild, but sometimes it feels quite heavy and very painful. This annoying menstrual pain can be overcome by using menstrual pain medication.

Multiple Choice of Menstrual Pain Medication

Before taking medication, there are several natural ways you can do to overcome menstrual pain complaints, for example by taking a warm bath, placing a warm compress on the stomach, drinking enough water, exercising, and doing relaxation, for example by doing yoga or meditation.

In addition, some natural ingredients, such as herbal teas, chamomile tea, ginger, and cinnamon, are also considered to help with menstrual pain, especially mild ones.

If the various natural ways to relieve menstrual pain are not effective, there are several types of menstrual pain medications that you can try, namely:

1. Paracetamol

Menstrual pain medication that is easy to find and can be used freely without a doctor's prescription is paracetamol (Panadol, Sanmol, Sumagesic). This drug is also often used to treat fever.

Paracetamol can help relieve complaints of mild menstrual pain, but may be less effective for dealing with severe menstrual pain. In addition, this menstrual pain medication is generally more recommended for people who have a history of ulcer disease or gastric acid reflux (GERD).

This is because, unlike painkillers such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or diclofenac, paracetamol tends not to make stomach acid rise so it is safer for those of you who have a history of ulcers or GERD.

2. Ibuprofen

Just like paracetamol, this menstrual pain medication can also be purchased over-the-counter and is quite safe for consumption. Ibuprofen can reduce the production of prostaglandins in the body, which triggers abdominal pain and cramps during menstruation.

This drug can be taken for 2-3 days since menstrual pain appears or until the menstrual pain disappears. However, its use should not be more than 10 days, except on a doctor's recommendation.

Although it can be used freely, ibuprofen is not suitable for consumption by everyone. The use of this menstrual pain medication should be avoided if you have a history of certain diseases, such as ulcer disease, asthma, kidney failure, heart failure, or allergies to ibuprofen and other types of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

3. Aspirin

Aspirin is a drug used to relieve pain, inflammation, and fever. Similar to ibuprofen, a drug that is still classified as a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) is able to reduce levels of prostaglandins that trigger menstrual pain.

Aspirin can treat mild to moderate menstrual pain. However, you should use it after eating, because this drug has the risk of causing side effects such as stomach pain, nausea, or even vomiting, especially in people with ulcer disease or gastric disorders.

In addition, you also need to consult a doctor before using aspirin as a menstrual pain medication, if you have a history of asthma, high blood pressure, heart disease, or blood clotting disorders.

4. mefenamic acid

Mefenamic acid is also one of the menstrual pain medications, especially for cases of mild to moderate menstrual pain. However, this drug should be taken according to the doctor's prescription and advice.

The way mefenamic asthma works in reducing menstrual pain is the same as ibuprofen and aspirin, which is to reduce the production of prostaglandins that trigger pain. Although it can be used as a medicine for menstrual pain, the consumption of this medicine should not be more than 3 days, unless it is on the advice of a doctor.

5. Diclofenac

This drug is often used to treat joint pain, toothache, or pain due to gout. However, diclofenac can also be used to treat menstrual pain, especially heavy menstrual pain.

However, this drug cannot be consumed freely and can only be obtained according to a doctor's prescription. If the dose is not right, diclofenac can cause some dangerous side effects, such as heart problems, blood clotting disorders, kidney and liver damage, and stomach ulcers.

6. Ketoprofen

Ketoprofen is also a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Ketoprofen relieves menstrual pain by suppressing the production of prostaglandins in the body that cause inflammation and pain.

Although it can help relieve menstrual pain, you should not take this drug carelessly. The reason is, this drug can increase the risk of heart disease and high blood pressure if taken in the long term or in high doses.

7. Naproxen

Similar to ibuprofen and aspirin, naproxen is also included in the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) class that can be used as a menstrual pain reliever. This medication is generally prescribed only if you have an allergy to other types of menstrual pain medication.

In addition to treating menstrual pain, naproxen can also be used to treat back pain, rheumatoid arthritis, arthritis (osteoarthritis), and gout. However, the use of this drug can also cause various side effects, such as fatigue, drowsiness, nausea, stomach pain, and headaches.

In addition to the various drugs above, you can also use other menstrual pain medications, such as celecoxib. However, this medicine can only be used according to a doctor's prescription.

Menstrual pain is one of the complaints that often haunt women, but usually this pain can go away on its own after menstruation. Therefore, the use of drugs to treat menstrual pain is not recommended for routine use, unless the menstrual pain is severe enough to limit your activities.

If you have tried various ways to deal with menstrual pain, including taking menstrual pain medication, but the pain does not go away or is getting worse, you should consult a doctor.

This is important so that the doctor can determine the cause of the menstrual pain you are experiencing and provide the right treatment according to your condition

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