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Liver disease is more at risk for people who lead an unhe althy lifestyle. When the liver is severely damaged, liver function can be permanently impaired. Therefore, it is important for you to take some simple steps as a way to prevent liver disease
The liver is an organ that functions to help the digestive process and cleanse the body of toxic substances. This organ also plays an important role in forming the immune system and the process of blood clotting.
When you have liver disease, the function of this organ will be disturbed and can cause serious he alth problems. That is the reason why it is important for everyone to always take care of their heart he alth.
Various Causes of Liver Disease
Heart disease can be caused by many things, including:
1. Eating too much sugar
The liver does need sugar in the form of fructose to produce fat. However, if the intake of sugar is too much, this can cause fat accumulation in the liver and increase the risk of developing a liver disease called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
In addition to excess sugar, obesity or being overweight can also increase the risk of fat accumulation in the liver. If not treated properly, obesity can lead to serious liver damage, including cirrhosis.
A person can become obese, if they consume too many high-calorie foods or drinks and contain lots of sugar and trans fat or saturated fat. These foods can be fried foods, cakes, ice cream, fast food, and soft drinks.
3. Excess fat soluble vitamins
The intake of fat-soluble vitamins that are too high, such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K, can make these vitamins accumulate in the body and trigger poisoning. This condition can cause damage to the liver.
Ideally, the recommended daily intake of vitamin A for adults is around 600−700 micrograms, 15 micrograms of vitamin D and vitamin E, and 55 micrograms of vitamin K.
4. Use of unsterile needles
Liver disease, such as hepatitis, can occur due to infection with hepatitis viruses, such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses. These infections generally occur due to using unsterilized needles or sharing with other people.
In addition, the hepatitis virus can also be transmitted through physical contact with patients exposed to the virus, exposure to body fluids of hepatitis patients, such as blood, saliva, urine, and through risky sexual relations, namely unprotected sex and change partners frequently.
5. Drug side effects
Almost all the drugs you take will be processed in the liver. If the dose of the drug consumed is too high or it is used for too long, this can risk causing side effects in the form of impaired liver function.
Therefore, you need to read the instructions for using the drug carefully and take the medicine according to the doctor's recommendations or recommendations.
6. Excessive consumption of herbal supplements
The lure of the quality of herbal or natural supplements still does not guarantee the complete safety of these products. Some herbal supplements that claim to improve liver function have also not been medically proven.
On the other hand, some herbal medicines, such as cascara, chaparral, comfrey, kava, and ephedra, can actually harm the liver. So, you should be careful in taking herbal supplements, especially if you suffer from certain diseases.
How to Prevent Liver Disease
Because the function of the liver is so important for the he alth of your body and your life, it is proper for this organ to always be kept he althy. To prevent liver disease and maintain the he alth of this organ, you can do the following tips:
- Keep an ideal body weight by limiting calorie intake and regular exercise.
- Eat a balanced nutritious diet and stay away from alcoholic beverages.
- Use a condom when having sex and avoid changing sexual partners.
- Get an immunization to protect the liver, namely hepatitis B vaccination.
- Consumption of drugs according to the dose. Consult your doctor if you want to take herbal supplements along with medicines.
- Stay away from drugs, especially injection drugs that are used together with other people. Also avoid using needles that are not sterile.
- Use personal protective equipment, such as masks, long-sleeved clothing, and gloves, and make sure the room is well ventilated when spraying chemicals, such as household cleaners, insecticides, fungicides, and paints.
In addition, it is also important for you to have regular he alth check-ups or medical check-ups to the doctor to ensure that your liver function remains good.
Liver organs that are already seriously ill can be permanently damaged so they cannot return to their original he alth. That is why it is important for you to always maintain a he althy liver and take the various steps to prevent liver disease above.
If you are a person who is at high risk of liver disease or has experienced symptoms of liver disease, such as yellow skin and eyes, swollen stomach, easily tired, or frequent infections, immediately consult a doctor to undergo an examination and get treatment right.