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To deal with vertigo or spinning dizziness, you can take vertigo medication from pharmacies, both of which can be purchased over-the-counter or based on a doctor's prescription. There are many types of vertigo drugs that can be consumed, but you must follow the rules of use and stay aware of the side effects
Vertigo is characterized by the appearance of complaints of spinning dizziness and sometimes accompanied by other complaints, such as nausea, vomiting, loss of balance, to difficulty walking. Vertigo can appear suddenly and last up to a few minutes or even hours.
In many cases, vertigo will go away on its own and can be managed independently at home, for example with adequate rest and performing the Epley maneuver.
However, if your vertigo often recurs or feels severe enough to interfere with your activities, you may need to take vertigo medication available at the pharmacy.
Choice of Vertigo Drugs at the Pharmacy
There are many choices of vertigo drugs in pharmacies that can help relieve vertigo complaints, such as:
Diphenhydramine is a type of antihistamine drug that is usually used to treat allergy symptoms. However, in addition to alleviating allergy symptoms, this drug can also treat dizziness, nausea, and vomiting in vertigo sufferers.
Diphenhydramine can be purchased over-the-counter at pharmacies without a doctor's prescription, but its use is only for a short term or a maximum of about 7 days. This drug can also cause some side effects, namely drowsiness, dry mouth, dry eyes, and constipation.
Dimenhydrinate is generally taken to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness due to motion sickness. However, this antihistamine class of drugs is also often used to help treat vertigo.
Dimenhydrinate is included in the category of drugs that can be purchased freely without a doctor's prescription. However, you must consume it according to the instructions on the package and should not be consumed for more than 7 days.
Like other medicines, dimenhydrinate can also cause side effects. Some of the side effects include drowsiness, palpitations, constipation, difficulty urinating, and skin rashes.\
Promethazine belongs to a class of antihistamine drugs that can treat allergies as well as prevent and treat symptoms of nausea and vomiting due to vertigo. This drug can cause side effects in the form of severe drowsiness so that it can help vertigo sufferers sleep more soundly when vertigo symptoms recur.
Benzodiazepines are sedatives that can help with vertigo symptoms triggered by stress or excessive anxiety. Some drugs that belong to the benzodiazepine group are diazepam and alprazolam.
The use of benzodiazepines must be based on a prescription and doctor's advice. This drug can cause side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, difficulty concentrating and memory problems, constipation, nausea, and mood changes.
Antiemetic is a type of drug that serves to relieve symptoms of nausea and vomiting due to vertigo. This drug is the same as benzodiazepines, which are used according to a prescription and advice from a doctor.
Antiemetics are generally prescribed together with drugs to reduce dizziness due to vertigo. Some drugs belonging to the antiemetic group are metoclopramide and ondansetron.
Betahistine is used in cases of severe vertigo caused by Meniere's disease. This drug works by increasing blood flow around the vestibular organ, the organ that regulates the body's balance in the ear.
Betahistine is a vertigo drug that can only be used based on a prescription from a doctor. In treating severe vertigo, in addition to betahistine, the doctor may also prescribe other drugs, such as diuretics.
In addition to the drugs above, there are also other drugs that can be used to treat vertigo, such as beta blockers or beta-blockers, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), or calcium antagonists. However, this drug cannot be purchased over the counter and must be used according to a doctor's prescription.
In the case of vertigo caused by a stroke, the doctor may prescribe medications, such as aspirin or warfarin. Meanwhile, in cases of vertigo caused by an inner ear infection, doctors can treat the condition by prescribing antibiotics or corticosteroids.
There are various kinds of vertigo drugs that you can use to treat vertigo complaints. Some vertigo medications can be purchased over-the-counter at pharmacies, but some can only be used based on a doctor's prescription.
If you are already taking vertigo medication, but the vertigo symptoms that appear do not subside or experience frequent relapses, it is better to immediately consult a doctor. The doctor will carry out further examinations and provide treatment for vertigo according to the cause and trigger.