Beware of Common Traits of Sexual Violence Perpetrators

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Beware of Common Traits of Sexual Violence Perpetrators
Beware of Common Traits of Sexual Violence Perpetrators

Sexual violence can be experienced by anyone, anytime and anywhere. Therefore, it is important to know the characteristics of people who are at risk of sexual violence as one of the prevention and protection measures against yourself

Sexual violence is sexual activity carried out by someone without the consent or consent of the person who is the victim of the act. In most of the cases, the perpetrators of sexual violence are people who are known to the victims and most of the perpetrators are men.

Beware of Common Traits of Sexual Violence Perpetrators - Alodokter

Sexual violence can be in the form of rape by a stranger, rape in marriage or dating, mental and physical sexual harassment, forced abortion, and sexual abuse of children.

Sexual violence also includes sexual comments, either in person or through text messages or sending sexual images and videos. This type of violence is considered a form of human rights violation that can cause physical and mental trauma.

General Characteristics of Sexual Violence Perpetrators

The characteristics of someone who has a tendency to commit sexual violence can not always be detected easily. In fact, most of the perpetrators looked like normal people and weren't suspicious at all.

A study revealed that there are certain factors that make a person have a tendency to commit sexual violence, namely:

  • Childhood trauma or history of sexual abuse as a child
  • An unfavorable family environment or domestic violence as a child
  • Growing up in a patriarchal environment
  • Poverty and unemployment
  • There are sexual fantasies that deviate or lead to sexual violence, for example BDSM
  • Antisocial tendencies and aggressive behavior
  • Consumption of alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs

Perpetrators of sexual violence against children are usually related to pedophilic sexual deviations. Meanwhile, in terms of women, sexual violence is generally more at risk in the following conditions:

  • Marry a man who has a higher social status
  • Young age
  • Having multiple sexual partners
  • Consuming alcoholic beverages and illegal drugs
  • Has a history of sexual harassment
  • Working as a commercial sex worker
  • Have financial problems or live in poverty line

However, it is possible for women who are more educated and financially stronger to experience sexual violence by their partners.

In addition to the things above, perpetrators also often use different strategies to ensnare their victims, for example by emotionally manipulating the victim and creating conditions where the victim is dependent on the perpetrator.

Perpetrators do not hesitate to contact the victim and try to gain the victim's trust by teasing, seducing, or forcing the victim into a situation where sexual violence will occur.

In fact, perpetrators do not hesitate to coax, give gifts, or threaten and force physically or verbally. Perpetrators also sometimes use sharp weapons to force their victims.

Know How to Help Victims of Sexual Violence

Victims of sexual violence need immediate assistance and treatment. If you are the closest person who can reach the victim shortly after experiencing violence, you can follow these guidelines to help her:

1. Ensure the safety of the victim

Don't leave the victim alone and call the police or ambulance immediately if he needs immediate medical assistance.

2. Secure the evidence

To ensure the existence of evidence, the victim should not clean the body, such as bathing, combing hair, or changing clothes before reporting the actions they experienced.

3. Do the visa process

Based on the law in Indonesia as stated in the Criminal Code article 133 paragraph 1, the provisions for making a visa are based on the results of the investigation and the request of the police as investigators.

In addition to investigators, parties who are en titled to make a visa request are public prosecutors, criminal judges, civil judges, and religious judges.

Meanwhile, the party en titled to do the post-mortem is a general practitioner or a forensic expert. The request for visum et repertum must be submitted by the police together with the victim or suspect to the doctor.

Therefore, to follow up on sexual assault, the first thing the victim should do is report it to the police.

4. The process of checking for the risk of sexually transmitted diseases

Make sure the victim undergoes a test to detect the possibility of a sexually transmitted disease so that treatment can be carried out immediately.

Accompanying the victim is one way for the victim to recover little by little even though it is difficult. The trauma experienced by victims of sexual assault can be long term and can lead to complications, such as depression or even suicidal tendencies.

Therefore, victims need assistance from a psychologist or psychiatrist to help recover from psychological trauma that can occur after experiencing sexual violence.

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