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Skin diseases around the eyelids can be caused by various things, ranging from irritation, allergies, infections, to cancer. Some of these diseases are mild and can heal on their own, but some are dangerous and need to be treated immediately
The skin around the eyelids is rich in blood vessels, but the skin around the eyes is generally very thin, smooth, and has little fat tissue. In addition, like the skin on other parts of the body, the skin around the eyelids does not escape from various diseases and he alth problems.
Skin diseases around the eyelids usually cause symptoms in the form of rashes or bumps, soreness, pain, itchy and swollen eyes, until the skin around the eyes looks dry or more dull and blackish.
Various Skin Diseases Around the Eyelids
Here are some common skin diseases around the eyelids:
1. Atopic dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a skin disease that can occur as an allergic reaction to certain substances or materials. This skin disease can appear around the eyes when the eyes are exposed to several allergens or allergy triggers, such as:
- Sap, rubber or plastic
- Contact lenses
- Personal care and make-up products, including eye makeup, moisturizer, pan cleanser, or shampoo
- Certain metals, such as nickel found in tweezers or jewelry
- Drugs, such as antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Preservatives in various products, including eye drops
- Pollution, such as dust and cigarette smoke
- Pet dander or insect bites
Atopic dermatitis or eczema are generally more at risk for people who have a history of allergic diseases, including asthma, allergic rhinitis, or allergic conjunctivitis.
In these patients, the symptoms of eczema in the eyes can recur when they are exposed to various allergy-triggering factors. During a flare-up, eye allergies can make the eyes feel itchy, red, dry, and swollen.
2. Irritant contact dermatitis
Irritant contact dermatitis is also a common skin disease around the eyelids. This condition can occur when the area around the eyelids comes into direct contact with substances that can cause irritation to the skin.
There are several factors that can trigger the symptoms of irritant contact dermatitis around the eyes, including:
- Extremely hot or cold temperature
- Extreme humidity or very dry air
- The habit of rubbing or scratching the eyes often
- Irritative chemicals, such as chlorine, detergents and alcohol
Just like allergic contact dermatitis and atopic eczema, this skin disease around the eyelids can also cause itching, redness, stinging, and swelling around the eyes.
Blepharitis is a medical term for inflammation or irritation of the eyelids, along the edges of the eyelids. Blepharitis is usually experienced in both eyelids and is a fairly common eye disorder.
This skin disease around the eyelids occurs when the oil glands at the base of the eyelashes become blocked, causing irritation and inflammation. Blepharitis can sometimes occur together with eye ulcers or chalazion.
There are several factors that can make a person more at risk of experiencing blepharitis, namely:
- Seborrheic dermatitis or dandruff on the scalp and eyebrows
- Dry eyes
- Allergic reactions, such as allergies to eye drops, contact lens solutions, or eye makeup
- Lice or mites on eyelashes
- Infection, eg bacterial conjunctivitis
Blepharitis can cause the eyelids to feel itchy, red, swollen, oily, scaly, and crusty. In addition, blepharitis also often causes the eyes to feel very painful, sore, blurred vision, easy to glare, and the eyes are difficult to open or close.
4. Herpes zoster in the eye
Herpes zoster in the eye or herpes zoster ophthalmicus is a disease caused by the herpes virus that causes chickenpox. This disease can cause complaints on the skin, in the form of a rash that is blistered and swollen.
Herpes zoster can attack the eyes and the skin around the eyelids. This disease is generally more at risk in people who have had chickenpox, or in people who have a weakened immune system due to a disease, such as HIV/AIDS, malnutrition, or increasing age.
In addition to rashes, herpes in the eyes can also cause other symptoms, namely severe pain or stinging that feels like throbbing in the eye, red and swollen eyes, blurred vision, and easy glare in the eyes.
Herpes zoster in the eye needs to be treated appropriately, because in some cases, this condition can cause serious vision problems or even blindness.
The next skin disease around the eyelids is xanthelasma. This disease is characterized by yellowish plaques or patches around the corners of the eyelids. The plaque is formed due to the accumulation of fat under the skin around the eyes.
Although it is harmless and painless, this condition can interfere with one's appearance and reduce one's self-confidence.
Xanthelasma is more common in people who have high cholesterol levels, obesity, and liver disease. Sometimes, xanthelasma can also be a risk factor for a person to develop heart disease.
6. Tumor or eye cancer
Tumors or cancers that appear around the eyes will usually appear in the form of lumps, rashes, or moles that quickly expand and enlarge. Some tumors around the eyes are benign and harmless, but sometimes they can be malignant. This malignant tumor is called eye cancer.
Eye cancer is generally more common in people who are often exposed to the sun for too long or because of exposure to nuclear radiation. Eye melanoma is a type of cancer that can appear on the skin around the eyes. However, this cancer more often attacks the inside of the eyeball.
Skin diseases around the eyelids are generally harmless if they heal on their own, subside with self-care at home, or if they don't interfere with vision.
However, if you experience various symptoms of skin diseases around the eyelids that don't go away, get worse, or cause visual disturbances, this condition needs to be checked by a doctor immediately.
This is important so that the doctor can determine the disease you are experiencing and provide the right treatment before serious eye complications occur.