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Ruptured appendix is a medical emergency that needs to be treated as soon as possible. There are several symptoms of a ruptured appendix that need to be watched out for, namely severe pain throughout the abdomen, fever, chest palpitations, weakness, to swelling in the abdomen
Ruptured appendix is a complication of untreated appendicitis. Rupture of the appendix can lead to an abscess or buildup of pus, as well as the spread of infection throughout the abdominal cavity (peritonitis). Not only that, bacteria from a ruptured appendix can enter the bloodstream and cause sepsis.
This condition must be treated by a doctor immediately because it is potentially life-threatening. Therefore, you need to be aware of the various symptoms of a ruptured appendix.
Various Symptoms of Ruptured Appendix
Appendicitis usually begins with inflammation in the appendix. This condition can cause sudden pain around the belly button. After a few hours, then the pain moved to the lower right abdomen. This is one of the hallmarks of appendicitis.
Besides that, there are also several other symptoms of appendicitis that can occur, including:
- Appetite lost
- stomach bloating
- Hard to fart
- Nausea and vomiting
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Mild fever
When you experience the symptoms above, this is actually a serious condition that must be treated by a doctor. If not treated properly, appendicitis can progress to rupture of the appendix, and this can lead to more serious complications.
The risk of appendicitis will increase after 2-3 days from the onset of the initial symptoms of appendicitis. When the appendix ruptures, the pain usually subsides for a few hours, but after that, other symptoms will get worse.
Here are some symptoms of a ruptured appendix to watch out for:
- High fever
- Difficulty concentrating and confusion
- Extreme and constant pain all over the stomach
- Shortness of breath and chest palpitations
In addition, the condition of the rupture of the appendix can also trigger low blood pressure. This usually indicates that peritonitis or sepsis has occurred due to complications from a ruptured appendix.
Ruptured Appendicitis Treatment
The main treatment for ruptured appendix is through surgical removal of the appendix or appendectomy.
However, before the operation is performed, the doctor may first provide treatment to the patient, namely by giving injection antibiotics and infusion therapy. To reduce severe pain due to a ruptured appendix, the doctor can also give injections of painkillers.
After the patient's condition is stable, the new doctor can perform surgery to remove the appendix. This procedure can be performed in two ways, namely with a minimally invasive laparoscopic technique or with a conventional open surgery (laparotomy).
For the case of a ruptured appendix, the recommended operation is a laparotomy. This is useful for ensuring that all infections are completely cleared from the abdominal cavity.
After undergoing appendectomy, the patient usually needs to be hospitalized for several days. During the recovery period, patients are advised to undergo bed rest and reduce strenuous physical activity.
After being discharged, the patient may also be advised not to exercise for 4–6 weeks. After that, the patient will be able to return to his normal activities.
In essence, a ruptured appendix can be effectively treated through surgery, and you can still live a normal and he althy life even without appendicitis.
However, don't wait until the symptoms of a ruptured appendix appear. When you start to feel the symptoms of appendicitis mentioned above, immediately visit a doctor for treatment.