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Short-term effects of alcohol can be felt from the first sip. The first effects that usually appear are dizziness and nausea. However, the more alcoholic beverages you consume, the more the effects can be felt and of course you need to be careful
Alcohol is a chemical substance that when consumed can affect every part of the body, including the brain, bones, and heart. The effects can be short term or long term.
Alcoholic beverages consumed will enter the blood through the walls of the stomach and small intestine. Furthermore, alcohol spreads to all parts of the body including the brain, then slows down the work of the brain and affects the way you think and behave.
Short Term Effects of Alcohol
The short-term effects of alcohol may vary from person to person. This is determined by several factors, ranging from gender, physical and mental conditions, the use of certain drugs, to the he alth condition of each person.
In addition, there are several factors that make it easier for a person to feel the short-term effects of alcohol, including:
- Consuming alcoholic beverages on an empty stomach
- Has a low alcohol tolerance
- Young age
- Not used to drinking alcoholic beverages
- Has a low percentage of body muscle mass
There are 2 types of short-term alcohol effects, namely hangovers and alcohol poisoning. Here's the explanation:
The most common short-term effect of alcohol is hangovers. Actually, hangover itself refers to a series of symptoms that occur due to consuming too much alcohol. Symptoms that appear can be:
- Headache or dizziness
- Muscle pain
- Heart rate increases
- Blood pressure increases
- Loss or difficulty concentrating
- Depression and mood disorders
These various hangover symptoms can be felt if you consume 1–12 units of alcohol. However, it is difficult to predict how many alcoholic drinks each person consumes to cause a hangover.
High units of alcohol have a depressant effect that makes you sleepy. In addition, body coordination is also disturbed so that it can increase the risk of accidents.
Consuming many alcoholic beverages at one time can sometimes lead to alcohol poisoning. This condition is an emergency, because it can be life-threatening.
There are several signs that someone has alcohol poisoning, including:
- Feeling confused
- Slow or irregular breathing (less than 8 breaths per minute)
- Skin looks pale or blue
- Hard to stay awake or fainting
- Low body temperature (hypothermia)
Alcohol poisoning can also interfere with body functions, even coma and death. Usually, this case of alcohol poisoning occurs when a person consumes more than 12 units of alcoholic beverage.
Not only that, the short-term effects of alcohol can also trigger risky sexual behavior, violence against others, or miscarriage in pregnant women.
It was previously explained that the short-term effects of alcohol can be determined based on the units of alcohol consumed. One unit of alcohol is equivalent to 10 milliliters or 8 grams of pure alcohol, which is the average amount of alcohol that an adult can process in one hour.
This unit can also be determined by calculating the percentage of pure alcohol in a drink (ABV) and how much alcohol you consume in milliliters. The following is the formula for calculating alcohol units:
Percentage of pure alcohol (ABV) x volume (ml) 1000=units
For 330 milliliters of alcoholic beverage or the equivalent of 1 can of beer, with an ABV of 5 percent, the calculation is as follows:
5 x 330 1,000=1.65 units
Since alcohol units can cause short-term alcohol effects, make sure you always know the volume and percentage of pure alcohol (ABV) consumed.
How to Reduce the Short-Term Effects of Alcohol
The symptoms of hangover due to consumption of alcoholic beverages can last for 24 hours or more. To reduce hangovers, there are several tips that you can try, namely:
- Drink water or fruit juice to avoid dehydration.
- Consumption of snacks to soothe the stomach, such as bread or crackers.
- Sleep long enough to get rid of the hangover effect.
- Take painkillers, such as paracetamol, to relieve headaches.
However, if someone shows symptoms of alcohol poisoning, immediately contact the nearest he alth facility. Don't force him to throw up, as this will only choke him. To prevent choking when vomiting, tilt your head and place a pillow under his head.
Actually, the best way to reduce the short-term effects of alcohol is to drink no alcohol at all or drink in moderation. Limit alcohol intake to no more than 14 units of alcohol per week. This amount is equivalent to 6 liters of beer or 10 small glasses of wine.
But if you have never consumed alcoholic beverages, you should not try it for any reason.
It is important to monitor your alcohol consumption. Because if you drink too much alcohol, it will not only trigger the short-term effects of alcohol, but also the long-term effects of alcohol, such as mental he alth disorders, diabetes, impotence, dementia, and liver cirrhosis.
If the habit of consuming alcoholic beverages actually makes you addicted, immediately consult a doctor for proper advice on how to stop it.