Nutrition that must be fulfilled to maintain body immunity after vaccination

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Nutrition that must be fulfilled to maintain body immunity after vaccination
Nutrition that must be fulfilled to maintain body immunity after vaccination

There may still be people who no longer pay attention to their nutritional intake after undergoing vaccination. In fact, maintaining adequate nutritional intake is important to support the formation of the body's immune reaction after vaccination

Basically, the body's immune system is divided into two types, namely specific immunity (adaptive immunity) and non-specific immunity (innate immunity).

Nutrients That Must Be Fulfilled to Maintain Body Immunity After Vaccination - Alodokter

Adaptive immunity is a defense system formed by the body to fight certain viruses and bacteria. For example, when the body detects a virus or bacteria, it then forms antibodies to destroy the microorganism.

Meanwhile, innate immunity is a type of immunity that has been present since birth and is at the forefront of fighting disease-causing microorganisms that will enter the body. An example of innate immunity is coughing and sneezing which is the body's natural reaction to expel foreign objects from the respiratory tract.

Nutrition to Maintain Body Immunity After Vaccination

The COVID-19 vaccine will indeed help the body to form immunity against the Corona virus. However, it is possible that people who have been vaccinated can still get COVID-19.

That's why maintaining body immunity still needs to be done after vaccination. In order to keep your immune system strong after vaccination, you need to have sufficient intake of the following nutrients:

1. Vitamin C

The benefits of vitamin C to maintain the body's immunity do not need to be doubted. This vitamin acts as an antioxidant that can help the immune system work better against viruses and bacteria that cause disease.

The recommended amount of vitamin C intake is 500−1000 mg per day. This vitamin is found in many vegetables and fruits, such as oranges, guava, kiwi, chilies, strawberries, tomatoes, and broccoli.

2. Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays an important role in increasing the immune response, so the body can fight infection better. In addition, this vitamin is also known to reduce the risk of inflammation in the body and respiratory infections.

The recommended daily intake of vitamin D is 400−1000 IU per day, according to needs.

3. Zinc

Zinc functions to activate white blood cells which play an important role in the body's immune system. With sufficient intake of this mineral, the body's immune cells will be better able to fight various bacteria and viruses that enter the body, including the Corona virus.

However, unfortunately zinc is not produced by the body. This mineral can be obtained by eating foods rich in zinc content, such as seafood, fish, meat, nuts, and seeds, or zinc supplements. The recommended daily dose of zinc for adults is a maximum of 30 mg.

4. Vitamin E

In addition to the three nutrients above, vitamin E can also strengthen the body's immunity. This vitamin plays a role in maintaining he althy skin which is the largest part of innate immunity.

Research shows that levels of vitamin E (alpha - tocopherol) in the skin layer will decrease every day due to exposure to free radicals. In fact, this vitamin is needed as an antioxidant to fight free radicals that can cause damage and aging of the skin.

By consuming vitamin E regularly, the strength of the skin as innate immunity can be well maintained. The recommended amount of vitamin E intake is 100−400 IU per day.

Vitamin E can be obtained from various types of food, such as sunflower seeds, almonds, spinach, broccoli, kiwi, mango, and tomatoes. In addition, this nutrient can also be obtained from the consumption of vitamin E supplements.

Vitamin E supplements are absorbed more quickly and are convenient to consume when packaged in soft capsules. Soft capsules containing gelatin from bovine cartilage have been proven to be effective and safe for consumption.

Before you take vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, or zinc supplements, read the information on the product label and pay attention to the dosage. Make sure the dose you take is appropriate for your needs. Avoid taking supplements in excessive doses, unless advised by a doctor.

In addition to consuming nutritious foods and supplements, it is recommended that you do regular exercise, get enough rest, and control stress to strengthen your immune system after vaccination.

Also make sure to wash your hands regularly, wear a double mask, and apply physical distancing to prevent the transmission of COVID-19.

If you still have questions about how to increase your immunity or want to take supplements that suit your condition and needs, don't hesitate to consult your doctor.

You can use the ALODOKTER application to chat directly with doctors, book COVID-19 tests, and make appointments with doctors at the hospital.

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