Table of contents:
It is important for us to recognize the symptoms and treatment of COVID-19. Because the symptoms and treatment of COVID-19 can vary, depending on the severity, whether mild, moderate, severe, or critical
The symptoms of COVID-19 can generally be felt around 3–5 days to 1 week after someone is infected with the Corona virus or SARS-CoV-2, but it can also range from 1–14 days.
Therefore, to prevent the spread of the Corona virus, people who have been exposed to the virus or have close contact with positive COVID-19 patients are advised to undergo self-isolation for 14 days.
Self-isolation can be done at home if possible. If not, this can be done in a hospital or in facilities provided by the government, such as the athlete's house in Jakarta.
Covid-19 Symptoms and Treatment Based on Severity
Here are 4 severity levels of COVID-19 disease based on the symptoms that appear, as well as their treatment:
Covid-19 patients are categorized as experiencing mild symptoms if they feel one or more of the following complaints:
- Sore throat
- Stuffy nose
- Malaise or feeling tired, uncomfortable, and not feeling well
- Muscle pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of sense of taste (ageusia) and smell (anosmia)
Meanwhile, if a person does not feel any symptoms at all, but the result of the PCR test is positive, then he/she is included in the category of asymptomatic COVID-19 patient.
The treatment of COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms is generally the same as that of asymptomatic COVID-19 patients. This means the patient must undergo self-isolation for at least 10 days from the onset of symptoms or a positive PCR test result.
The treatment of COVID-19 patients with mild symptoms is generally symptomatic or only to relieve symptoms. For example, patients can take paracematol to relieve fever, or cough medicine to treat coughs. Patients can also take supplements to increase their immune system, such as vitamin C and vitamin D.
During self-isolation, patients can use he alth application services or telemedicine to consult a doctor.
Complaints that can be experienced by COVID-19 patients in the moderate symptom category are:
- Shortness of breath or uncomfortable breathing
- Lack of appetite
- Tired and weak
Patients generally experience mild COVID-19 symptoms, but already feel shortness of breath or breathing feels heavier.
In addition, in moderate-grade COVID-19 patients, there may already be spots or abnormalities on the X-ray examination. However, the oxygen level in the blood or oxygen saturation is still normal, which is above 94%.
Covid-19 patients who are categorized as moderate or have certain co-morbidities, such as asthma and diabetes, or are elderly, are recommended to receive treatment and monitoring by a doctor at the hospital.
If they cannot be treated at the hospital, the COVID-19 patient can undergo treatment at home, as long as they have received medicine from the doctor.
To treat moderate symptoms of COVID-19, doctors can give antiviral drugs, such as oseltamivir, molnupiravir, and the antibiotic azithromycin, to prevent pneumonia due to bacterial infection.
Covid-19 patients are categorized as seriously ill, if they have the following symptoms:
- very shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Pain or uncomfortable sensation in the chest
- Nails, lips and skin look bluish and pale
- Need oxygen assistance
- Loss of consciousness or frequent sleepiness
- Confusion or difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty or unable to eat and drink
Patients with severe COVID-19 symptoms will generally experience a decrease in oxygen saturation to below 90–94%. This condition can be accompanied by complaints of shortness of breath or without symptoms, or what is known as happy hypoxia.If not treated immediately, this condition can be dangerous and potentially lead to serious complications.
Patients should seek medical attention immediately at the hospital, especially if they are elderly, pregnant women, or have a history of co-morbidities, such as heart disease, asthma, diabetes, kidney disorders, obesity, or cancer.
Treatment of severe COVID-19 patients generally includes infusion therapy, oxygen administration, and the administration of antiviral drugs for COVID-19, such as remdesivir or favipirapir. Doctors can also give other medicines, such as antibiotics, immunosuppressants, or corticosteroids, if needed.
A COVID-19 patient is said to be critical when he experiences symptoms such as coma, seizures, can't breathe at all, very weak, or a drastic drop in blood pressure (shock).
In this condition, critically ill COVID-19 patients are at high risk for complications, such as respiratory failure or cardiac arrest. If not treated immediately, this condition can lead to death.
Patients with critical conditions need to receive treatment and care in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the hospital until their condition improves. They will generally also need breathing apparatus via a ventilator machine and other treatment for severe COVID-19 symptoms.
Tips for COVID-19 Treatment at Home
While undergoing self-isolation or treatment at home, COVID-19 patients with mild or moderate symptoms can follow the following tips to support recovery:
- Consumption of he althy and nutritious food, and drink enough water.
- Sleep enough, i.e. for 7-9 hours every night. To expedite breathing, the patient is advised to sleep in a prone position.
- Monitor blood oxygen levels with an oximeter every day.
- Keep exercising according to your body's ability, such as stretching or yoga.
- Reduce stress, for example with relaxation exercises, meditation, or watching TV.
- Keep in touch with friends and family, for example by phone or video call.
- Do an entertaining activity, such as reading a book or watching a movie you like.
That's a variety of information about the symptoms and treatment of COVID-19 that is important for you to know. If you or someone in your household has confirmed COVID-19, try to consult a doctor through a he alth application that provides telemedicine services, such as ALODOKTER.
This is important so that you or your family's condition is monitored and also to get the right COVID-19 treatment according to its severity.