Table of contents:
- Causes of Congested Nose
- The Impact of Congested Nose for Other Body Organs
- Different Ways to Overcome a Congested Nose
Stuffy nose often causes discomfort that interferes with activities and rest. The causes of nasal congestion can vary and this condition can affect other organs of the body, especially the ears and throat
Nasal congestion occurs when the nasal passages are swollen, it can also be accompanied by a buildup of mucus or mucus. This can make it difficult for the sufferer to breathe.
Generally, nasal congestion does not cause serious he alth problems. However, the discomfort caused by this complaint can cause sleep and eating disorders, both in children and adults.
Causes of Congested Nose
Stuffy nose can be caused by various things. The following are some examples of causes of nasal congestion:
- Exposure to dust, pollen and animal dander
- Swelling of the adenoids or soft tissue located behind the nose
- Sinusitis or flu
- Nose irritation due to fragrance or cigarette smoke
- Changes in temperature and humidity
Although rare, nasal congestion can also be caused by tumors and nasal polyps.
The Impact of Congested Nose for Other Body Organs
Discomfort due to nasal congestion is caused by an inflamed nasal mucous membrane (mucosa). In addition, some causes of nasal congestion can also cause disturbances in other body organs. One of them is sinusitis.
Stuffy nose due to sinusitis can have an impact on the ears and throat. This is because the sinus cavities are connected to the nose and throat through narrow passages called ostia.
People with chronic sinusitis may experience symptoms such as ear pain, persistent cough, sore throat, pain in the upper jaw and teeth, and bad breath or bad breath.
A stuffy nose caused by the flu can also have an impact on other body organs, such as headaches, sore throats, coughs, fever, and body aches. Meanwhile, nasal congestion due to allergic rhinitis can cause watery eyes, itchy nose, and sneezing.
Different Ways to Overcome a Congested Nose
A stuffy nose can cause discomfort and affect other organs of the body. Although it can often go away on its own, nasal congestion needs to be addressed immediately so that it doesn't interfere with rest and activities, as well as other body organs.
Make sure to drink plenty of water when you have a stuffy nose, because this method can thin the mucus so that the blockage in the nose will subside.
In addition, there are several ways to deal with nasal congestion that you can also do, including:
To get rid of a stuffy nose easily at home, you can do the following things:
- Soak a cloth or washcloth in warm water, then apply it to your face and let it sit for a few minutes. Do this several times a day.
- Pour warm water into a bowl or basin and inhale the steam. You can add aromatherapy, for example, which contains menthol to relieve breathing. Do this method at least 2–4 times a day.
- Use a humidifier to humidify the air in your bedroom or workspace so your nose doesn't feel dry.
- Wash your nose regularly to remove mucus buildup.
In addition to home treatments, you can also use certain medications to relieve nasal congestion, such as decongestants or antihistamines.
Decongestants are available in the form of pills, nasal drops, and nasal sprays. Decongestant pills generally contain phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine. As for nasal drops and nasal sprays, you can use over-the-counter products that contain oxymetazoline, naphazoline, and phenylephrine.
Nasal spray or nasal spray containing oxymetazoline can treat nasal congestion due to flu, sinusitis, or allergic rhinitis.
In relieving nasal congestion, oxymetazoline works by shrinking the blood vessels in the nose thereby reducing swelling in the nasal cavity.
How to use a nasal spray to deal with a stuffy nose is quite easy. In general, the steps are as follows:
- First of all, blow your nose and clean your nose using water or a tissue.
- In an upright position, insert the tip of the bottle as deep as the nostril into one nostril and spray the medicine according to the dose.
- Spray the medicine into the other nostril in the same way.
As for the use of nasal drops, the method is as follows:
- Keep your head up.
- Aim the dropper to the nostril.
- Drip the medicine into the nose according to the dose and hold the head position for 2 minutes.
- Drip the medicine into the other nostril in the same way.
Spray or nasal drops containing oxymetazoline are usually used every 10–12 hours, as needed. However, it is not recommended to use it more than 2 times within 24 hours.
If your nasal congestion does not improve after 7 days, especially if this complaint is accompanied by fever or nosebleeds, contact your doctor immediately for proper examination and treatment.