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Deworming is the main treatment step to treat intestinal worms. However, the side effects of deworming are generally different and are not even recommended for consumption by people with certain conditions. Therefore, you should not carelessly take this drug
Most cases of intestinal worms occur in tropical countries or developing countries where environmental hygiene is not maintained. Fortunately, this disease can be treated by taking worm medicine or also called anthelmintic.
However, deworming medicine should be taken after consulting a doctor to ensure its effectiveness and safety. This is because deworming drugs can give different side effects.
Types and Side Effects of Worm Medicine
The following are some of the most commonly consumed types of worm medicine and their side effects:
Mebendazole is commonly used to treat intestinal worms caused by infections of roundworms, hookworms, pinworms, and whipworms. This worm medicine works by preventing the worms from absorbing sugar or glucose from the body, so the worms will not get food and die.
Patients with liver disease or disorders of the bone marrow are advised to be careful if you want to take this drug. Breastfeeding mothers and children under the age of 2 are also advised not to take mebendazole.
Mebendazole worm medicine has some side effects, such as skin rash, bloating, stomach pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, vomiting, and dizziness.
However, go to the doctor immediately if you experience swelling of the tongue or face, fever, difficulty swallowing, and pain in the eyes, nose, mouth, and genital area after taking this medicine.
Praziquantel is used to treat infections caused by flatworms in the liver or bloodstream. This drug works by making the worm's muscles spasm and paralyze. Dead worms will be expelled from the body through feces.
The side effects of praziquantel include skin rash, fever, nausea, and headache. However, go to the doctor immediately if you experience cold sweats, skin irritation, difficulty concentrating, seizures, stomach cramps, irregular heartbeat, difficulty breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and throat.
Be sure to tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially heart disease or heart rhythm disorders, a history of seizures, kidney disease, and liver problems before taking this medication.
Niclosamide is used to treat infections caused by fish tapeworm, dwarf tapeworm, and beef tapeworm. This drug works by killing tapeworms and is excreted from the body along with feces.
The side effects of niclosamide deworming usually do not require medical treatment. However, do not hesitate to contact your doctor if you experience cramps or abdominal pain, diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, dizziness, itching in the anal area, and skin rash after taking this medicine.
Piperazine is used to treat roundworm and pinworm infections. This drug works by immobilizing the worms so that they can be excreted in the feces. The effect of this drug may be affected by certain diseases, such as kidney disease, liver disease, or epilepsy.
The side effects of piperazine do not usually require medical treatment. However, immediately consult a doctor or the nearest hospital if you experience blurred vision, tingling, fever, joint pain, and rash or itching after taking this medicine.
Pyrantel is used to treat roundworms, hookworms, and pinworms in the body by being paralyzed, then removed from the body through feces. This drug has side effects such as cramps or abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, and difficulty sleeping.
To prevent the growth of worms from inside the body, you are advised to be diligent in washing your hands before eating and after using the toilet and maintaining a clean environment. Also, make sure the water you drink is clean and boiled.
The government also urges the public to regularly take worm medicine as a preventive measure against intestinal worms.
To get the right deworming medicine, you can consult a doctor. You are also advised to immediately consult a doctor if you experience side effects after taking worm medicine.