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Essential amino acids (AAE) is one type of nutrition that plays an important role in the growth and development of children. Because the body cannot produce itself, these nutrients must be obtained from food and drink. What are the benefits of AAE and where can these nutrients come from?
Amino acids are the simplest form of protein. Amino acids are the result of metabolism or protein breakdown, either from food, drinks, or supplements. There are 20 types of amino acids, 9 of which are essential amino acids and the rest are non-essential amino acids.
Essential amino acids cannot be produced by the body. So, to meet your little one's body needs for essential amino acids, you need to give him food or drinks that contain these types of amino acids every day.
Essential Amino Acid Benefits for Kids
There are 9 types of essential amino acids, namely isoleucine, lysine, leucine, valine, threonine, histidine, methionine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan. The nine types of essential amino acids have many benefits for children's he alth, including:
1. Supports the growth and repair of muscle tissue
Sufficient intake of essential amino acids can optimize the growth and repair of children's muscle tissue. The types of amino acids that play a role in this are valine, leucine, and isoleucine.
When the muscles are he althy, the child will be more agile in activities. That way, his general he alth will be better and his growth can be maximized.
Together with other important nutrients, such as calcium and vitamin D, essential amino acids also play an important role in preventing stunting in children.
2. Supports brain function and intelligence
The brain's ability to think, reason, and solve problems is also known as neurocognition. The function of this brain is very dependent on the performance of various chemicals produced in the brain (neurotransmitters). Through these substances, nerve cells in the brain will work and convey messages from one nerve cell to another.
To produce brain chemicals that play an important role in neurocognition, a child's body needs a variety of nutrients, including essential amino acids. Good nutritional intake is also proven to help improve children's ability to concentrate, remember and understand things, process information and learn.
3. Stimulates growth hormone IGF-1
IGF-1 or insulin-like growth factor 1 is a type of growth hormone that plays an important role in the growth and development of body organs. The lower the amount of IGF-1, the higher the risk of children experiencing growth disorders, malnutrition, and motor development barriers.
In order for children to avoid these conditions, mothers need to have sufficient intake of essential amino acids. Research shows that essential amino acids can help build IGF-1 in the body.
4. Strengthen body resistance
When a child's immune system is weak, it will be easier to get sick and get infections. If the child is often sick, his growth and development can also be disrupted. One way that you can do to strengthen your little one's immune system is to have sufficient intake of essential amino acids.
Almost all types of essential amino acids have a role in the production of antibodies which are part of the immune system or immune system. If the immunity is good, the little one's body will be stronger to fight germs and viruses that cause infection.
5. Increase the absorption of calcium in the body
The essential amino acid lysine is known to help absorb calcium in the body. Calcium is needed by a child's body to form strong bones and teeth, improve blood flow, maintain cholesterol levels, and maintain a he althy heart.
Lysine is also useful for reducing anxiety, controlling blood sugar levels, and keeping hormones and enzymes in the child's body working properly.
Source of Essential Amino Acids (AAE)
Essential amino acids can be obtained from foods containing animal protein and vegetable protein. However, animal protein has more complete essential amino acids than vegetable protein.
In addition to essential amino acids, protein sources also contain other nutrients that children need, such as iron, folate, and omega-3.
Food and drink sources of essential amino acids that you can give to your little one include:
- Milk and its processed products, such as cheese and yogurt
- Beef or chicken
- Nuts, such as soybeans
- Tofu and tempeh
- Fruits and vegetables
- Seeds, such as sesame seeds and sunflower seeds
In addition to providing a variety of foods above, you can maximize your little one's nutritional intake by giving him growth powder milk which has been equipped with 9 essential amino acids (9AAE). Choose the right growth milk powder so that your little one's essential amino acid needs are met.
You need to remember, 9AAE intake must be complete so that the benefits for child growth and development can be optimal. If there are types of essential amino acids or other nutrients that the intake is lacking, children can experience malnutrition so that their growth and development and he alth can be disrupted.
If you still have questions regarding essential amino acids or are confused about determining the right types of food and drink to meet your little one's essential amino acid needs, you can consult a doctor.