Know the various benefits of sauna and its dangers

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Know the various benefits of sauna and its dangers
Know the various benefits of sauna and its dangers

Sauna is one way of relaxation that is favored by many people. Not only good for calming the mind, sauna also has various he alth benefits. Even so, there are also risks that can arise from the sauna

Sauna is a hot and dry room that is used to help the body sweat and burn more calories. Sauna is also a way to relax the body. This facility is usually available in salons, spas, and fitness centers.

Know the Various Benefits of Sauna and the Dangers - Alodokter

In general, there are two types of saunas, namely dry saunas and infrared saunas. Dry sauna uses a heater to heat the air.

Meanwhile, infrared saunas use light energy to heat up body temperature without increasing the air temperature. Infrared saunas usually produce lower temperatures than dry saunas.

Various Benefits of Sauna That Can Be Obtained

There are various benefits of sauna that you can get, including:

1. Gives a relaxing effect

The relaxing effect is the most important benefit of the sauna. The temperature in the sauna room can reach 90.5 degrees Celsius, so it can increase the skin temperature. The hot temperature can make the body sweat, dilate blood vessels, and improve blood circulation.

As a result, tense muscles can relax and the body becomes more relaxed. The benefits of this relaxation are also able to reduce stress and make you sleep better.

2. Reducing pain

Sauna can also reduce chronic pain, especially in people with arthritis. This is because smoother blood circulation can reduce tension in the joints and relieve muscle pain.

A study conducted on patients with ankylosing spondylitis and rheumatoid arthritis revealed that sauna therapy for 4 weeks reduced pain, muscle stiffness, and fatigue.

3. Maintain a he althy heart and blood vessels

A study shows that regular saunas can keep the heart and blood vessels he althy. Researchers have also found that saunas can lower blood pressure and increase heart rate in a similar way to moderate exercise.

This benefit is also associated with a reduced risk of death from sudden heart attack, coronary heart disease, and other cardiovascular diseases.

However, more thorough research is needed to find out whether saunas are really effective in helping treat these diseases.

Recognizing the Dangers of Sauna

In addition to the various benefits that can be obtained, saunas also have risks that can be caused. The following are some of the risks or dangers of saunas:


Sauna makes the body sweat in large quantities. When used for a long time, it can increase the risk of dehydration. Therefore, it is recommended to drink enough water before and after sauna to prevent dehydration.

Leave the sauna immediately if you feel dizzy, have a headache, or feel very thirsty. This is a sign of dehydration and can be dangerous if left untreated.

Male fertility disorders

The increase in temperature in the scrotal area is thought to reduce sperm production. One study showed that men who were frequently exposed to hot temperatures, including saunas, had decreased sperm count and quality.

However, more research is needed to examine the effect of sauna on male fertility.

Things To Pay Attention To Before Sauna

Sauna is safe for people who have normal he alth conditions and fit bodies. Sauna is also quite safe for people with stable coronary heart disease, if not done for too long.

However, saunas are not recommended for people with unstable angina, heart rhythm disorders, uncontrolled blood pressure, heart valve disorders, and people with severe heart failure.

If you want to do a sauna, there are several things to consider, including:

  • Clean yourself or take a shower before going to the sauna.
  • Limit the sauna time to no more than 15-20 minutes.
  • For those of you who are using the sauna for the first time, it is recommended to limit the time of use. You can also divide the sauna sessions by cooling down between sessions until your body gets used to it.
  • Drink at least 2 glasses of water before and after the sauna, to prevent dehydration.
  • Stop the sauna if you feel sick or unfit while doing the sauna.
  • Cool down gradually after doing the sauna.
  • Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages and drugs that can make the body hot or drugs that have an impact on sweat production, before and after the sauna.
  • Remove any jewelry, glasses, contact lenses or metal objects before entering the sauna room.

It was previously mentioned that sauna has benefits for maintaining heart he alth in he althy people. However, you should know that saunas are not recommended for people with certain types of heart disease.

Therefore, before deciding to try the sauna, you are advised to consult a doctor first if you have certain medical conditions.

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