Anhedonia, a condition when it is difficult to feel pleasure

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Anhedonia, a condition when it is difficult to feel pleasure
Anhedonia, a condition when it is difficult to feel pleasure
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Do you find it difficult to feel happy or happy while doing the things you normally enjoy? If so, you may have anhedonia. Symptoms and causes vary widely. However, no need to worry. There are ways that can be done to overcome it, really

Anhedonia is a condition when a person has difficulty enjoying life and feeling pleasure. People with anhedonia will lose interest in all things or activities that were previously considered interesting.

Anhedonia, a condition when it is difficult to feel pleasure - Alodokter

When experiencing anhedonia, a person will feel that his life is boring, even to the point of making him feel depressed.

Anhedonia is different from ordinary boredom. Boredom usually goes away on its own, especially when doing something new or fun, while anhedonia generally lasts for a long time and won't go away if left untreated.

Some Types of Anhedonia and their Symptoms

Anhedonia is grouped into two categories, namely socially and physically. People with social anhedonia are usually unable to derive pleasure from social situations. They tend to feel uncomfortable spending time or socializing with other people and have difficulty adjusting to social situations.

Meanwhile, physical anhedonia is characterized by the absence of physical sensations that are generally felt before when doing a favorite activity or hobby.

For example, a person who likes to eat will feel that his favorite food tastes bland. People with anhedonia can also feel less satisfied and comfortable when having sex, even though previously there was no problem with reaching orgasm.

In addition, people with anhedonia tend to have a negative outlook and are less sensitive or even numb to anything, feel hopeless, become reluctant to smile, and display false emotions.

People with anhedonia can also experience some physical symptoms, such as headaches, insomnia, and no appetite.

Various Possible Causes of Anhedonia

The exact cause of anhedonia is not known. However, various studies show that the appearance of symptoms of anhedonia is related to changes in the activity of nerve cells in the brain and disturbances in the production of chemicals in the brain that function to produce feelings of pleasure, such as dopamine and serotonin.

Anhedonia is also often a symptom of several mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, PTSD, and personality disorders. Even so, not all people with anhedonia have mental he alth disorders.

In addition to mental problems, there are several other factors that can make a person more at risk for anhedonia, including:

  • Have experienced a traumatic event, such as sexual or emotional abuse
  • Certain diseases, such as diabetes, dementia, or Parkinson's disease
  • Side effects of drugs, for example the use of illegal drugs
  • Excessive alcohol consumption

This Is How To Overcome Anhedonia

Anhedonia that is left for a long time can reduce the quality of life of the sufferer. This condition can also damage relationships or intimacy between friends, family, partners, or coworkers.

Anhedonia that is not treated properly can also increase the sufferer's risk of experiencing excessive anxiety and even suicidal ideation or attempts.

In order to avoid this danger, anhedonia must be overcome immediately.The first step is to check with a doctor first to determine the underlying cause of this condition. After the cause is known, then the treatment steps can be carried out.

Usually anhedonia can be treated with the following steps:

Medications

To treat anhedonia caused by depression, doctors can prescribe antidepressants. Meanwhile, to treat anhedonia caused by anxiety disorders, doctors can give sedatives or anxiety relievers.

These drugs can also be used to treat other symptoms, such as insomnia or poor sleep, which usually occurs with anhedonia.

Psychotherapy

In addition to medication, anhedonia can also be treated with psychotherapy and counseling. Usually the doctor will give drugs along with psychotherapy to treat the symptoms of anhedonia.

With psychotherapy, patients will be guided to be able to think positively and find safe and appropriate ways to deal with the symptoms they feel. Through psychotherapy, doctors can also advise patients to find a support system.

To prevent anhedonia, you need to adopt a he althy lifestyle so that mental he alth is always maintained. Make sure to always eat a balanced nutritious diet, exercise regularly, manage stress, get enough rest, and stay positive, but avoid toxic positivity.

Losing the pleasure of something that was previously loved can indeed be experienced by anyone and is quite natural. This might just happen when you feel bored.

However, if the anhedonia you are experiencing has interfered with your life, especially if it is accompanied by other symptoms, such as frequent anxiety, difficulty concentrating, difficulty sleeping, or even suicidal ideation, you should not delay to consult a doctor, OK?.

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