Table of contents:
- Effective Ingredients in Mosquito Repellent
- Types and Dangers of Mosquito Repellent for He alth
- Safe Tips for Using Mosquito Repellent
Mosquito repellent is often used to repel and prevent mosquito bites. However, its use must be done carefully and not done carelessly. If used in an inappropriate way, insect repellent can have a negative impact on he alth
Naturally, mosquitoes approach humans because they are attracted to the humidity and warmth of the human body. The bite not only makes the skin itchy, but can also cause disease.
However, mosquitoes don't actually bite, but suck human blood. It is when sucking blood that viruses and parasites present in mosquitoes enter the human body and cause disease.
Dengue fever, malaria, Zika virus, and elephantiasis are some of the diseases that can be caused by mosquitoes.
Effective Ingredients in Mosquito Repellent
Mosquito repellent spray, burn, and electric is widely used because it is practical and effective. Although it can repel mosquitoes, mosquito repellent also has side effects for he alth because of the substances in it.
The following are some of the active ingredients contained in most insect repellents on the market:
DEET has been used for decades to repel insects, such as mosquitoes, fleas and flies. Generally, this active substance is found in mosquito repellent sprays and mosquito repellent lotions.
DEET is safe to use, as long as the concentration is not more than 30 percent and is not used on injured skin.
2. Picaridin (KBR 3023)
Picaridin is an active substance that is as effective as DEET. However, this substance carries a lesser risk of irritation if exposed or inhaled.
3. Lemon eucalyptus oil (PMD)
PMD is a natural ingredient that is just as effective as DEET. However, PMD should not be used in children under 3 years of age. This natural ingredient is usually found in mosquito repellent lotions.
Pyrethrin is a generally non-toxic pesticide. However, the danger of this mosquito repellent content can cause respiratory problems if inhaled in large quantities. This substance is widely found in mosquito repellent spray.
5. Carbamates and organophosphates
Carbamates and organophosphates are hazardous substances in contact with the body. This type of pesticide can be quickly absorbed through the skin, lungs, mucous membranes, and digestive tract. Symptoms usually appear several hours after ingestion or inhalation.
Types and Dangers of Mosquito Repellent for He alth
In general, insect repellent is divided into three types, namely:
Mosquito Repellent Spray
Mosquito repellent spray is generally packaged in aluminum aerosol bottles. Its use is done by spraying it into the air.
If inhaled or swallowed, the danger of mosquito repellent spray containing pyrethrin can cause shortness of breath, coughing, vomiting, and loss of consciousness.
Meanwhile, DEET contained in mosquito repellent spray can cause irritation and nervous disorders, especially if there is long-term contact with the skin.
Mosquito coils are generally in the form of a spiral circle. The ends of the circle are burned to produce smoke and this smoke can repel and kill mosquitoes.
In fact, the smoke from burning mosquito coils is a dangerous emission because it can pollute the air.
A study even proves that the smoke from a burning mosquito coil produces pollution particles that are as harmful as burning about 100 cigarettes. Meanwhile, the resulting formaldehyde emissions are the same as burning 50 cigarettes.
Data from a study shows that long-term exposure to mosquito coil smoke can cause lung cancer.
Electric mosquito repellent
Electric mosquito repellent is available in liquid and chip form. If burning mosquito coils produce smoke, electric mosquito coils produce steam that can repel mosquitoes.
This type of insect repellent also contains chemicals that are harmful if inhaled. Eye irritation and allergies can also occur as a result of its use.
Serious symptoms can occur if insect repellent is swallowed or inhaled for a long time. However, the severity of the symptoms that appear depends on the amount and frequency of use of insect repellent.
If used in the long term, insect repellent can cause respiratory problems, nervous disorders, brain damage, and even death. Therefore, it is important to always comply with the rules for using insect repellent.
Safe Tips for Using Mosquito Repellent
To minimize the negative or harmful effects of insect repellent, pay attention to the following points when using insect repellent:
- Always follow the instructions on the package.
- Do not occupy a room that has just been sprayed with mosquito repellent. Wait for a while until the smell or smoke of the mosquito coil goes away.
- Do not turn on insect repellent in a closed place without air ventilation.
- Avoid direct inhalation of gas, fumes or fumes from insect repellent.
- Avoid sleeping while turning on mosquito repellent.
- Avoid spraying insect repellent on furniture, cutlery, or objects that come into direct contact with the skin.
- Keep food away when using insect repellent.
- Use a mask and gloves when handling insect repellent.
- Wash hands with soap after handling mosquito repellent.
- Keep insect repellent out of reach of children.
- Use insect repellent only when you really need it.
To reduce the frequency and exposure of using insect repellent, you can take other ways to avoid mosquito bites. For example, using a mosquito net around the bed, wearing a shirt and trousers, or using a mosquito racket.
You can also try natural methods, such as planting mosquito repellent plants and applying essential oils to the skin. However, its effectiveness did not last long.
Don't forget to always keep the house and waterways clean, and close the water reservoir so that mosquitoes don't nest and breed.
The dangers of mosquito repellent cannot be taken lightly. Therefore, if you experience an allergic reaction or certain complaints, such as nausea, vomiting, and shortness of breath, after using insect repellent, check with your doctor so that appropriate treatment can be carried out.