About MMR Vaccine for Adults

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About MMR Vaccine for Adults
About MMR Vaccine for Adults

The MMR vaccine for adults is given to avoid or reduce the risk of getting measles (measles), mumps (mumps), and rubella. Giving this vaccine is considered important, especially for people who are at high risk of developing one of the three diseases

Measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles) are among the types of diseases that are easily transmitted through the air. When people with these three diseases cough or sneeze, the phlegm or splashes of saliva that come out can be inhaled by anyone nearby.

About MMR Vaccine for Adults - Alodokter

If this happens, the person who inhales the splash of phlegm or saliva can be infected. This is why adults also need to get the MMR vaccine.

Adults Who Need to Get the MMR Vaccine

Adults who have never or have no known vaccination history are recommended to get at least 1 dose of MMR vaccine.

Meanwhile, people who are at high risk of getting measles or mumps need to get 2 doses of the MMR vaccine 4 weeks apart. Conditions that put a person at risk for the disease are:

  • Have been exposed to measles or mumps
  • Living in a measles or mumps outbreak area
  • Living or having close contact with people with measles or mumps
  • Will visit or travel to areas that are currently experiencing or have experienced an outbreak of measles or mumps
  • Working as a he alth worker

Women who are planning to become pregnant are also recommended to undergo the MMR vaccine, at least 1 month before becoming pregnant, because rubella infection in pregnant women is at risk of causing fetal defects, even miscarriage.

Warning on Giving MMR Vaccine for Adults

Although the MMR vaccine for adults is important, it should not be administered haphazardly. The reason is, in some conditions, giving the MMR vaccine is not recommended or needs to be postponed if you have the following conditions:

  • Pregnant
  • Have you ever had a severe allergic reaction after being given the MMR vaccine
  • Has an allergy to gelatin or neomycin
  • Has a weakened immune system due to certain diseases, such as cancer or HIV/AIDS
  • Currently taking certain medications, such as radiation therapy, immunotherapy, taking corticosteroids, or chemotherapy
  • Has a family history of immune system disorders
  • Suffering from tuberculosis (TB)
  • Get another vaccine in the last 4 weeks
  • Has a low platelet count, for example due to blood disorders
  • Just had a blood transfusion

MMR Vaccine Side Effects

In general, the MMR vaccine for adults is harmless. However, some people may experience mild, temporary side effects after getting vaccinated.

Side effects that usually appear after the MMR vaccine include:

  • Fever
  • Exhaustion
  • Swelling of the salivary glands
  • Pain or rash at the injection site
  • Joint pain

In addition to the above complaints, the MMR vaccine can also cause allergic reactions in people who are allergic to the ingredients in this vaccine.

Therefore, if after MMR vaccination you experience serious allergy symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, dizziness, fast heartbeat, itching, or weakness, immediately consult a doctor

If you have never received the MMR vaccine until you were an adult, consult your doctor to determine a schedule for giving the vaccine. By taking the MMR vaccination, you are not only protected from measles, mumps, and rubella, but also prevent the transmission of these diseases to others.

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