Know Various Causes of Dark Spots on Lips

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Know Various Causes of Dark Spots on Lips
Know Various Causes of Dark Spots on Lips

Dark patches on the lips are not only disturbing appearance, but can also be caused by certain he alth problems. Therefore, it is important to know the cause of the appearance of black spots so that appropriate treatment can be carried out

Skin he alth reflects the he alth of the body as a whole, including the skin of the lips. Unlike the rest of the skin, the lips are only composed of 3-5 layers. This makes the skin of the lips thinner, smoother, and more sensitive.

Know the Various Causes of Dark Spots on the Lips - Alodokter

Lip skin is more prone to dryness and discoloration. However, if the discoloration experienced is in the form of black spots or black spots, this condition needs to be watched out for.

Various Causes of Dark Spots on Lips

There are several possible causes of dark patches on the lips, including:

1. Angiokeratoma fordyce (fordyce spots)

Black spots that appear as a result of this condition are caused by the dilation of blood vessels near the surface of the skin. Not only black, the spots also have a surface that feels thick and hard.

In general, fordyce spots are harmless and are usually more common in the elderly.

2. Melasma

Melasma is a pigmentation disorder that causes dark patches to appear on the skin, especially on the face, including the lips. This condition occurs because melanocytes produce more melanin or dark pigment due to sun exposure.

Melasma can also occur due to increased hormone production, for example during pregnancy.

3. UV exposure

If the dark patches on the lips feel scaly or crusty, this may be due to actinic keratoses or also known as solar keratosis. As the name implies, this condition occurs when the skin is exposed to UV rays too often.

Actinic keratosis is characterized by black or brown patches that feel rough and dry. In addition, the skin also feels itchy, sore, or hardened. This condition is more at risk for people aged 40 years and over and those with light skin.

4. Allergic reaction

Black spots can also appear as an allergic reaction. This condition is generally caused by using lipstick or lip balm products with harsh chemicals or consuming foods and drinks with high nickel content.

In addition to black patches on the lips, sufferers can also experience a burning sensation and swelling of the lips.

5. Excess iron

Dark patches on the lips can be a sign of iron overload. In this condition called hemochromatosis, the body absorbs too much iron from the food consumed and stores it in the body. This can cause symptoms such as discoloration of the skin, including in the lip area.

The body can also experience iron overload if you have too many blood transfusions, receive iron injections, and take too many iron supplements.

6. Smoking habit

When smoking, the heat from cigarettes can directly burn the skin on the lips. If you don't stop this habit immediately, you can experience not only black spots on your lips, but also black lips as a whole.

7. Dangerous disease

In addition to the various causes above, black spots on the lips can also be a symptom of certain diseases, such as:

  • Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome, a genetic disorder characterized by lumps in the digestive tract
  • Laugier-Hunziker syndrome, which is characterized by benign tumors that grow in the oral cavity
  • Common skin cancers on the lips, such as melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, or squamous cell carcinoma

Identify Various Things to Watch Out for

Dark patches on the lips are generally harmless. However, you should consult a doctor if the black spots that appear are accompanied by the following signs and symptoms:

  • Size rapidly
  • Redness, pain, or bleeding
  • Itchy
  • The shape is irregular
  • Abnormal color combination

Some of these characteristics can lead to cancer. Therefore, it is recommended that you see a doctor. The sooner it is detected, the higher the chance for recovery.

The treatment of dark patches on the lips depends on the cause. Several types of treatment that can be done are laser therapy, intense pulse light (IPL), photodynamic therapy, cryotherapy, surgery, and prescribed topical medications.

To prevent darkening of the lips or dark spots, there are several things you can do, such as limiting sun exposure by wearing a wide-brimmed hat and using lip balm that contains sunscreen.

Stop smoking too, because in addition to increasing the risk of dark spots on the lips, this habit also causes premature aging of the skin.

The appearance of dark patches on the lips does look mild and generally harmless. However, it is recommended that you not be careless and continue to see a doctor if you experience this condition so that appropriate treatment can be carried out.

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