Information Regarding Vaccination for COVID-19 Survivors

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Information Regarding Vaccination for COVID-19 Survivors
Information Regarding Vaccination for COVID-19 Survivors
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The COVID-19 vaccination is also recommended for people who have been infected with this disease. Find out why COVID-19 survivors still need to get vaccinated and when is the recommended time for COVID-19 survivors to get vaccinated

At the beginning of the vaccination program, COVID-19 survivors were not included in the vaccination target. The reason is, people who have been exposed to COVID-19 and recovered are considered to have antibodies to fight the Corona virus.

Information Regarding Vaccination for COVID-19 Survivors - Alodokter

However, based on the results of various studies, the Ministry of He alth stated that COVID-19 survivors also need to be vaccinated.

Criteria for Recovering from COVID-19

Before discussing further about vaccines for COVID-19 survivors, there are several criteria for recovering from COVID-19 that you need to know.

According to the World He alth Organization (WHO), a COVID-19 patient can be declared cured without the need for confirmation with a PCR test when he no longer shows symptoms of COVID-19.

However, to be more secure, the PCR test still needs to be used in certain cases. The following are the criteria for recovery for positive COVID-19 patients in Indonesia:

  • Patients without symptoms: have passed the isolation period for 10 days since being tested positive for Corona virus
  • Patients with mild to moderate symptoms: have passed the isolation period for at least 10 days plus 3 days without symptoms
  • Patients with severe symptoms: have passed the isolation period of at least 10 days plus 3 days without symptoms and 1 time negative result on the PCR test

In addition, if the patient feels symptoms for more than 10 days, he or she must go through a period of isolation as long as the symptoms of COVID-19 are still present, plus 3 days without symptoms.

However, the patient's recovery must still be determined based on the assessment of the treating doctor. If the patient has been declared cured of COVID-19, he or she can return to interacting with other people, but while still implementing he alth protocols.

Why COVID-19 Survivors Need Vaccination

Basically, the human immune system is able to "remember" viruses, bacteria, or parasites that have entered the body. Thus, the body will react faster to fight the same attack in the future so that infection does not occur.

This also applies to people who have recovered from COVID-19. After recovering, they have natural antibodies that are able to recognize and fight the Corona virus. However, it is not known for sure how long these natural antibodies can protect the body from the Corona virus.

There is already a study showing that COVID-19 survivor antibodies can last for 6–8 months after recovery. However, this still needs to be investigated further.

In addition, there is still the possibility of someone getting infected with the Corona virus again even though he has previously recovered from COVID-19.

That's the reason why COVID-19 survivors still need to get vaccinated. With vaccination, his immune system will be stronger and his risk of getting infected with the Corona virus again will be smaller.

The Right Vaccination Time for COVID-19 Survivors

Referring to the Circular Letter of the Ministry of He alth Number HK.02.02/II/2529/2021 and the recommendations of the Indonesian Association of Internal Medicine Specialists (PAPDI), COVID-19 survivors with mild to moderate severity can undergo vaccination 1 month after being declared get well.

As for survivors with severe severity, the vaccine will be given at least 3 months after being declared cured.

The same rules also apply to people who are infected with the Corona virus after receiving the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine. They will get the second dose of vaccine 3 months after recovering from COVID-19.

The delay in giving the COVID-19 vaccine is considered the best time to optimize the formation of antibodies in the body. Thus, the immune system will be stronger to fight the Corona virus.

However, keep in mind that receiving the vaccine does not mean you are completely protected from the Corona virus. You still need to apply he alth protocols by diligently washing your hands, always wearing a mask when outside the house, keeping your distance from other people, and avoiding crowds.

If you have been exposed to COVID-19 or have recently recovered from COVID-19 and want to get a vaccine, don't hesitate to consult a doctor. You can also directly contact the local he alth office, the nearest he alth facility from home, or the COVID-19 vaccination hotline at 119 ext.9.

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