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Osteoarthritis is a condition when there is inflammation in the joints and makes them painful and stiff. This disease can affect any joint, but tends to more often affect the joints in the hands, knees, ankles, hips, and spine
Osteoarthritis or arthritis is a disease that occurs in the protective cartilage, which is the part of the bone that is often used for movement. When cartilage is damaged, joints are more prone to injury and inflammation when moved, leading to osteoarthritis.
Although osteoarthritis can affect anyone, people who are elderly or elderly are more likely to experience this disease. The reason is because joints have been used for a long time and the aging process makes bones and joints more fragile.
In addition to age, osteoarthritis is also more common in people who are overweight or obese, have experienced joint injuries, have a family history of osteoarthritis, or have congenital abnormalities or defects in cartilage or joints..
If you have osteoarthritis, there are several symptoms that will appear, namely:
1. Joint pain
People who experience osteoarthritis will generally feel pain in certain joints. The pain may be worse when the joint is moved or later.
2. Signs of inflammation in the joints
The joint area with osteoarthritis will usually appear swollen and red. The joint may also be painful or warm to the touch.
3. Joint stiffness
Osteoarthritis often also makes joints stiff and difficult to move. When experiencing this disease, you may find it difficult to move when you just wake up or after resting for a while. Stiffness in these joints can make it difficult for you to move and move.
4. There is a sound when moving
Joints that have been damaged by inflammation can make noise when moved. The appearance of this sound indicates that the cartilage tissue in the joints is not functioning properly.
5. Appears spurs or calcification of bones
Formation of spurs or bone spurs (bone spurs) is one sign of osteoarthritis. This condition will usually appear as hard lumps and form around joints affected by osteoarthritis.
How to Treat Osteoarthritis
Until now, osteoarthritis has not been completely cured. When joints and bones are inflamed and damaged, their function will be disrupted.
However, treatment can be done to relieve the symptoms of this condition and reduce the damage to the joints so they don't get worse. Osteoarthritis treatment also aims to help patients to be able to carry out their usual activities without the pain caused by arthritis.
To relieve pain, usually the doctor will give drugs in the form of:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as diclofenac, can reduce inflammation, pain, and swelling in joints with osteoarthritis, for example the joints of the knees, ankles, elbows, or wrists.Diclofenac can be taken in the form of oral medications or used as topical medications, such as emulgels or creams.The way diclofenac works is by stopping the production of substances that cause pain and inflammation in the body. This medicine can be purchased over-the-counter or with a doctor's prescription.
Paracetamol is commonly used as a fever and pain reliever. This drug can also relieve pain due to osteoarthritis. Paracetamol can be purchased over the counter and is considered safer for people with mild arthritis.
This drug works to reduce inflammation that makes joints damaged, stiff, and swollen. This drug should only be used according to a doctor's prescription.Corticosteroids are available in the form of oral, topical, and injectable drugs. To treat osteoarthritis that is already severe, doctors can inject this drug directly into the damaged joint.
In addition to medication, your doctor may recommend physiotherapy and surgery, depending on the severity of your osteoarthritis.
In addition to undergoing treatment from a doctor, you can also relieve symptoms of osteoarthritis by exercising regularly, maintaining an ideal body weight, eating a balanced nutritious diet, and applying cold or warm compresses to the joints that feel sore.
Mild Osteoarthritis generally gets better on its own, but the symptoms can subside more quickly with some of the tips above and the use of drugs to relieve symptoms of osteoarthritis, such as paracetamol and topical medication diclofenac emulgel. However, if it is severe, osteoarthritis needs to be treated by a doctor.
So, consult a doctor if you are already experiencing severe symptoms of osteoarthritis, namely the appearance of a bulge in the painful joint, difficulty moving due to stiff joints, pain that does not decrease despite taking pain medication, or difficulty carrying out daily activities. day.
If you experience these things, immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment, so that your osteoarthritis condition doesn't get worse.